thoughts on the disintegration of the two-party system

the Prehistory of the 2016 Election:
from the origins of language to the end of print literacy in the United States*

The Fascist Assault  on the Capitol of January 6, 2021: DATA

Arlie Russell Hochschild, "How the White Working Class Is Being Destroyed," review of Deaths of Despair and the Future of Capitalism (Princeton, 2020)**,
by Anne Case and Angus Deaton, that appeared in the New York Times, March 17, 2020

*1. from Maryanne Wolf, Reader Come Home: The Reading Brain in a Digital World (Harper Collins, 2018, p. 179): "The seriousness of the current reality
     means that at the present rate, the majority of eighth-grade children could be classified as functionally illiterate in a few years' time.
"

 2. from "The President Who Doesn't Read," The Atlantic, January 5, 2018 (review of Michael Wolff’s Fire and Fury): "Ironically, it was the publication of a book
     this week that crystallized the reality of just how little Donald Trump reads. While . . . Trump’s indifference to the printed word has been apparent for some time,
     the depth and implications of Trump’s strong preference for oral communication over the written word demand closer examination.  “He didn’t process information
     in any conventional sense,” Wolff writes. “He didn’t read. He didn’t really even skim. Some believed that for all practical purposes he was no more than semi-­literate.""


3. from "Anonymous, A Warning" (Washington Post, 11-7-19): "I am not qualified to diagnose the president’s mental acuity,” the author writes. “All I can tell you is that
    normal people who spend any time with Donald Trump are uncomfortable by what they witness. He stumbles, slurs, gets confused, is easily irritated, and has trouble
    synthesizing information, not occasionally but with regularity. Those who would claim otherwise are lying to themselves or to the country.
"

** It is already clear that in the U.S. unchurched as well as fundamentalist whites and blacks (and many working class Catholics) have been disgorged from the project of
    modernity, and now constitute, by twenty-first century standards, a barely literate mass, concentrated in the central cities, inner suburbs, small towns, and the rural heartland
    removed in toto from the possibilities of cognitive development implied by the term "education."  As the old America dies a sociocultural death [
see The Immigrant Advantage,
    by Anand Giridharadas in
The New York Times, May 24, 2014]
, it is being replaced by newer populations capable, for now, of cognitive development [see
    Asian workers now dominate Silicon Valley tech jobs (San Jose Mercury News, 11-30-12.)
].  The "White" portion of old America is Trump territory. 




This site is a rhizome; it is always under construction, as the reader will see.  This page is a graphical synopsis of the site.  The reader should first scroll down and check out the graphs, maps, and charts on this page to get a quick idea of what this site is attempting to do.  The first three quotes below are from Kant, Hegel, and Marx. 

Evidence abounds in the public arena of a widespread dissolution of language and cognition.  Because the media performs this cognitive decline, the decay of reason is invisible within the cognitively decaying public sphere.  The book is dead.

Similarly, while fascism rages in the United States, it cannot be grasped within the cognitively decaying public sphere.  Thus the wringing of hands and the gnashing of teeth one sees on MSNBC (the propaganda arm of the DNC) in the face of the explosion of fascist performativities is most remarkable in its aversion to even using the word fascism.  (Of course we don't expect deployment of a concept of fascism in what is a militantly concept-free zone.)

Scroll.


"Thoughts without intuitions are empty; intuitions without concepts are blind."

"Philosophy always arrives too late . . . .  The Owl of Minerva takes flight only as the dusk begins to fall."

"Hegel remarks somewhere that all great world-historic facts and personages appear, so to speak, twice. He forgot to add: the first time as tragedy, the second time as farce."

History without philosophy is only a screen on which to project the shibboleths of our time.

Hitler is to Trump as tragedy is to farce.



the Prehistory of the 2016 Election:
from the origins of language to
the end of print literacy in the United States


Lyndal Roper on Q-Anon: Lyndal Roper, Witch Craze: Terror and Fantasy in Baroque Germany (Yale, 2004):

The hatred and terror that drove people to such violence were shaped by social tensions and religious beliefs, but the passions themselves derived from deeply rooted fantasies, extravagent in their evocation of demonic lovers and Satanic revels.  These fantasies shared, for the most part, a standard structure and a similar set of primary themes. p. 7

Richard Lachmann, "Coda: American Patrimonialism: The Return of the Repressed” in Patrimonial Power in the Modern World, Julia Adams and Mounira M. Charrad, eds. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science,  2011:

Patrimonialism, until fairly recently, seemed an archaic social form, largely replaced by bureaucratic rationalism. That confident view of modernity, in the histories that Max Weber and his followers wrote, deserves to be challenged as patrimonial regimes reappear in states and firms throughout the world.


Fascism is a concept, not an epithet
(as is the sado-sexual eigenvector of GOP performativities*)
The Fascist Assault on the Capitol of January 6, 2021: DATA
**

* abortion, vaccine hesitiance, Trump rallies, telephone threats, guns, death, torture, school board assaults.  Inflicting pain on the other is an expression of the sado-sexual eigenvector of right-wing politics, and thus sadism is the core value of the values voters.  So-called "conspiracy theories" become intelligible as instances of the political mobilization of the paranoid-schizoid position (Simon Clarke, Social Theory, Psychoanalysis and Racism).The Two-party System: Semiotic Regimes
** Case and Deaton, Deaths of Despair and the Future of Capitalism (Princeton, 2020).  My findings are entirely congruent with this work.

the book is dead
j
Peter Claesz, Still Life with Burning Candle, 1627





from Maryanne Wolf, Reader Come Home: The Reading Brain in a Digital World (Harper Collins, 2018, p. 179):

The seriousness of the current reality means that at the present rate, the majority of eighth-grade children could be classified as functionally illiterate in a few years' time.


from James R. Flynn, What is Intelligence?  Beyond the Flynn Effect (Cambridge Univesity Press, 2009)

Our ancestors in 1900 were not mentally retarded. . . .  We differ from them in that we can use abstractions and logic and the hypothetical to attack the formal problems that arise when science liberates thought from concrete situations.  Since 1950 we have become more ingenious in going beyond previously learned rules to solve problems on the spot.  pp. 10-11

The scientific ethos, with its vocabulary, taxonomies, and detachment of logic and the hypothetical from concrete referents, has begun to permeate the minds of post-industrial peoples.  This has paved the way for mass education on the university level and the emergence of an intellectual cadre without whom our present civilization would be inconceivable.  p. 29

from "The President Who Doesn't Read," The Atlantic, January 5, 2018 (review of Michael Wolff’s Fire and Fury)

Ironically, it was the publication of a book this week that crystallized the reality of just how little Donald Trump reads. While . . . Trump’s indifference to the printed word has been apparent for some time, the depth and implications of Trump’s strong preference for oral communication over the written word demand closer examination.  “He didn’t process information in any conventional sense,” Wolff writes. “He didn’t read. He didn’t really even skim. Some believed that for all practical purposes he was no more than semi-­literate.”
Figure 0.  the Prehistory of Trump: from the origins of language to the end of print literacy in the United States
Christian J. Emden, Friedrich Nietzsche and the Politics of History (Cambridge, 2011)
j


READ THIS NOW: Excerpts from Daniel Dor, Chris Knight, and Jerome Lewis, The Social Origins of Language (Oxford, 2014), hereinafter ref. to as SOOL.

READ THIS NOW: Excerpts from Darrin M. McMahon, Enemies of the Enlightenment: the French Counter-Enlightenment and the Making of Modernity (Oxford, 2001)
READ THIS NOW: Excerpts from Alain Ehrenberg, The Weariness of the Self: Diagnosing the History of Depression in the Contemporary Age (McGill-Queens University Press, 2010)
This excerpt maps onto the Two-Party System: Semiotic Regimes. WALZER & FRANK & ATWATER

WATCH THIS SOON: Oliver Stone's JFK Revisited: Through the Looking Glass, streaming now on Showtime


from Karen Barad, Meeting the Universe Halfway: Quantum Physics and the Entanglement of Matter and Meaning (Duke University, 2007)

. . . the primary ontological units are not 'things' but phenomena--dynamic topological / reconfigurings / entanglements  / relationalities / (re)articulations of the world.  And the primary semantic units are not 'words' but material-discursive practices through which (ontic and semantic) boundaries are constituted.  This dynamic is agency.


from Levi R. Bryant, Difference and Givenness: Deleuze's Transcendental Empiricism and the Ontology of Immanence (Northwestern University Press, 2008)

. . . so long as philosophy assumes that thought has a natural affinity with the true . . . a specific form of objectivity (natural common sense), and bases itself on the model of recognition, thought cannot help but become unconsciously trapped in its own implicit presuppositions which are culturally, historically, and socially contingent. . . .  Deleuze thus begins with a critique of the transcendental subject as a structure consisting of invariant categories. (17)

The Enchantments of Mammon: How Capitalism Became the Religion of Modernity
Friedrich Nietzsche and the Politics of History

Analyzing Power Relations: Six Frameworks

Max Weber

Deleuze & Guattari
 
Vincent/McMahon

Piaget/Vygotsky

Michael Mann

This site

Three regimes (charismatic, patrimonial, rational-bureaucratic)

Three regimes (primitive, despotic, capitalist)

Left vs. Right: (topologies of the two-party system)

Cognitive modalities (topologies of the two-party system)

Four networks of power

Five genetic ontologies (topologies of the two-party system)




This page uses figurative elements
1. This page uses figurative elements, including  graphs, tables, charts, and maps, to advance an analysis of the historical trajectory: from the origins of language to the end of print literacy in the United States.  Within this broader framework, two sub-intervals are important: from the Enlightenment to the New Deal (the Gutenberg parenthesis), and from the New Deal to Donald Trump.  Data sets are key.  From the New Deal to Donald Trump is bracketed by two datasets.  The New Deal era datsets (LIST)’ and dataset of arrestees stemming from the Jan 6, 2021 fascist assault on Capitol

These figurative elements (most but not all in the right-hand column) are related to the text-boxes in this column. 

2. The rule governing this page is to think in terms of these elements, which form a set of synthetic a prioris.*  In certain cases a text is made to function as a synthetic a priori.  The Lacan-Atwater Signifying Chain is one such a case.  It takes us to the very heart of white supremacy as symbolic activivity and politics.  Another is the Freud-Jamieson Black Hole of Liberalism.  They are also elementary particles.*  That is, they are the building blocks of intelligibility within a hermeneutical modus operandi.  This may be what Deleuze means by transcendental empiricism, which is consistent with Hegel's notion of the concrete universal.  Also Alexander Luria's The Making of Mind:  Hermeneutical intelligibility vs. nomothetic explanation.

3. Elementary particles and associated comments, lists, transcripts, remembrances of things past (civic republicanism 1933-1943: Bildung + חֻצְפָ); cognitive regimes, intersubjectivity and shared intentionality, proximal processes, biocultural niche (Schiller Hall, Fox News, MSNBC), cognitive performativity*, paranoid-schizoid position (the sado-sexual eigenvector of “Trump” performativities: ressentiment and the mechanisms of defense), the depressive position (liberalism as nihilism: the fruits of commercial republicanism), the lynching for rape discourse, herding primates: semiotic regimes, patrimonialilism. fascism.

*synthetic a priori and elementary particles may appear contradictory.  Rather than explain this aparent contradiction on an abstract level, the actual deployment of these concepts is what this site is about.  The utility of this approach should then become clear.  Elementary particles usually refers to the building blocks of matter—the standard positivist-materialist reduction.  What possible meaning can the term elementary particle have when used in the context of the human sciences (Geisteswissenschaften)?  For example, UAW (Unity caucus) and Civil War in Midland Steel, circa 1939: Ethno-cultural and socio-technical Analysis as synthetic a priori re. reading Kraus interview.  Another example: the Jan.6 DATABASE as synthetic a priori for reading events (Ritttenhouse-Kenosha, n=4; Crumbley family, (Oxford school shooting, n=3)

We are now engulfed in the implosion of neo-liberal society
We are now engulfed in the implosion of neo-liberal society.  The term "society" is bracketed because, in the conventional use of the term, an ontological stability is implied, whereas in reality this society is in the process of blowing its brains out, and that along four axes of ontological catastrophe:




1. the disintegration of the cognitive performativities of modernity

•First, the disintegration of the cognitive performativities of modernity itself: the "human" side of human capital.  Decognification, disindividuation: Trump's rhetorical performances seen from the standpoint of literacy and cognition as contingent not normative cultural-historical developments.  This disintegration* is comprehended within the framework of Figure 0.  The election of Donald Trump** is a lagging indicator of this disintegration of cognitive performativities.  Preceding his election ws the decline of mathematics competence indexed by the PISA data, which indicate that a catastrophic decline in cognitive performativity preceeded and made possible the fascist-patrimonial victory of Novemmbe 2016.

The locus of this decline is not the Cartesian self, but rather the biocultural niche*** in which organisms develop.  Biocultural niches can be understood through study of their characteristic rhetorical performances (e.g., vaccine hesitance and the furor over critical race theory).  The biocultural niche known as the Enlightenment**** was embodied and performed by the Unity caucus in the early history of the UAW.  This is far more difficult to conceptualize than the relatively straightfoward and more thoroughly developed discourse on fascism, patrimonialism, and nihilism below.  This is why, if you haven't already done so, it is necessary to read and study these excerpts from Daniel Dor, Chris Knight, and Jerome Lewis, The Social Origins of Language (Oxford, 2014) now.  Evidence abounds in the public arena***** of a widespread dissolution of language and cognition.  Because the media performs this cognitive decline, the decay of reason is invisible within the cognitively decaying public sphere.  One can observe the rhetorical performances of talking heads through the prism of e.g. English Grammar for Dummies (Wiley, 2010) and spot the decay of the logical structure of languageThe Social Origins of Language provides the conceptual means for understanding this.

*from Maryanne Wolf, Reader Come Home: The Reading Brain in a Digital World (Harper Collins, 2018, p. 179): "The seriousness of the current reality means that at the present rate, the majority of eighth-grade children could be classified as functionally illiterate in a few years' time."
**Victor Nell, Cross-Cultural Neuropsychological Assessment: Theory and Practice (Routledge, 2012).  Chapter 3, "Radical Environmentalism: Vygotsky, Luria, and the Historical Determination of Consciousness," which discussses the results Luria's Uzbek expedition of 1931, provides a framework for analyzing Trump's rhetorical performativity, esp. as reported by Michael Wolff (Siege, Fire and Fury, and Landslide) and Rucker and Leonnig (A Very Stable Genius).  One of the notable features of White Supremacy is that an illiterate, uneducated cognitive primitive, a brutish specimen indeed of homo sapiens, is given a pass by the media.  Only Wolff really addresses this.  Rucker and Leonnig provide a valuable account of Trump’s meeting in the Tank with the Joint Chiefs, yet studiously avoid asking the obvious questions about language and cognition.
***Biocultural niche is a key concept in The Social Origins of Language.(excerpts)
**** Enlightement salon as biocultural niche.  Goodman, The Republic of Letters; Jacob, The First Knowledge Economy; Alcorn, Narcissism and the Literary Libido; Nelson, Beyond the Martyrs: A Social History of Chicago Anarchists, 1870-1900;
Zelnick (ed.), Workers and Intelligentsia in Late Imperial Russia; Zelnick (ed.), A Radical Worker in Tsarist Russia: the Autobiography of Semen Ivanovich Kanatchikov.  See also Calvin and Dupré.  And Carl Husemoller Nightingale, On the edge : a history of poor black children and their American dreams  (Basic Books, 1993); Zena Smith Blau, Black children/white children : competence, socialization, and social structure (Free Press, 1981); Mercer L. Sullivan, "Getting paid" : youth crime and work in the inner city (Cornell University Press, 1989).
*****MSNBC, CNN, Fox News


2a. the explosion of fascist performativities
within the orbit of the GOP: contexts

(two disintegrations)

Case and Deaton, Deaths of Despair and the Future of Capitalism (Princeton, 2020).  My findings are entirely congruent with this work.

1.disintegration of white supremacy* as bio-cultural-socio-technical configuration: sources

2. disintegration of biocultural niche of modernity

1.  tables of arrestees: by state and by org affiliation (Proud Boys and Oathkeepers)
2. tables of demographic info on individuals who called in telephone threats (Reuters. n=9, WAPO n=9)
3. table of interviewees at post-riot trump rally (the Guardian) n=6
4. transcripts of telephone threats
5. the standard model critiqued (University of Chicago. cases and generalizations)
6.  Occupations and industries

conclusion (2021)

the assault on reason is distict from but related to the disintegration of the cognitive performativities of modernity.


U/C assigns class categories to individual cases, presupposing an implicitly stable class structure.  But what DATABASE shows is that the process is one of disintegration of class structure, and the case histories (when pursued hermeneutically) are manifestations of this disintegration.

*required readings: Alan Taylor, American Colonies (2002), American Revolutions (2017), and American Republics (2021); Steven Hahn, A Nation Without Borders: The United States and its World in an Age of Civil Wars, 1830-1910 (2016); and Richard White, The Republic for Which it Stands: The United States during Reconstruction and the Gilded Age, 1865-1910 (2017)  LOWNDES, dallas 1963, last 100 days





2b. the explosion of fascist performativities
within the orbit of the GOP: semiotics


•Second, the explosion of fascist performativities within the orbit of the GOP (Robert O. Paxton, Anatomy of Fascism: "The legitimation of violence against a demonized internal enemy brings us close to the heart of fascism.").   The brutishness in language and behavior that are the chief characteristics of Trump's mass-oriented performances must be understood as manifestations of something of great ontological significance.  The sado-sexual eigenvector of “Trump” performativities goes back to the Know-Nothing roots of the GOP (Gniepp), later 19th century anti-immigrant and anti-Catholic political rhetoric, the lynching for rape discourse, the southern strategy, and the infamous Willie Horton episode in George H.W. Bush’s 1988 campaign.  Trump's performance coming down the stairs ("They’re bringing drugs. They’re bringing crime. They’re rapists.") and the plaint of one of his supporters ("He’s not hurting the people he needs to be hurting") should be placed in this broader context.  Nietzsche's concept of ressentiment (the inner logic of GOP sado-sexual rhetorical performativity).  The paranoid-schizoid position (Klein).  Fascism and racism.  Fascism and patrimonialism.  Fascism reconsidered as a theoretical construct.  Fascism in the movies.*

* Night Train to Lisbon (2013) Cinema Paradisio; 12 Angry Men (1957); A Face in the Crowd (1957); Invasion of the Body Snatchers (1956); Seven Days in May (1964); Stone, JFK Revisted; The Pianist (2002); FORD-DEARBORN; Cliff Williams on Bert Harris;


3. the new patrimonialism and the assault on reason
•Third, the assault on rational-bureaucratic institutions--an assault on the very idea of science-based professionalism and public service.  Max Weber's concept of patrimonialism* covers the phenomena labeled as corruuption and cronyism in the Trump administration.  Marie Yovanovitch describes how a modern polity is being subverted by fascist insurgencies within the state.**  Patrimonialism does not imply fascism, but fascism American style circa 2016 -- ?? replaces rational-bureaucratic formations with patrimonial networks.  The assault on the Capitol was the most dramatic  . . . , but at its most profound (and here one must take Steve Bannon seriously) the deconstruction of the state is the destruction of the major institutions of modernity.

*The new patrimonialism: Social Origins of Language charts the fundamental cleavage among homo sapiens post-modernus.  The 300,000 year old struggle to tame the brute in man.  Ref. McMahon

'Thank you for the blessing': cabinet takes turns lavishing Trump with praise,
the Guardian, June 12, 2017.  This article is a good example of the collapse of reason under the auspices of liberalism.

Donald Trump just held the weirdest Cabinet meeting ever, by Chris Cillizza, CNN Editor-at-large, June 13, 2017

*from Richard Lachmann, "Coda: American Patrimonialism: The Return of the Repressed” in Patrimonial Power in the Modern World, Julia Adams and Mounira M. Charrad, eds. (Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science,  2011)
Patrimonialism, until fairly recently, seemed an archaic social form, largely replaced by bureaucratic rationalism. That confident view of modernity, in the histories that Max Weber and his followers wrote, deserves to be challenged as patrimonial regimes reappear in states and firms throughout the world.

**Marie Yovanovitch says State Department 'being hollowed out from within' (UPI November 15, 2019):
Moreover, the attacks are leading to a crisis in the State Department as the policy process is visibly unraveling, leadership vacancies go unfilled, and senior and mid-level officers ponder an uncertain future and head for the doors. The crisis has moved from the impact on individuals to an impact on the institution.


What was modernity?  The UAW and the New Deal.  Modernity as wave of literacy development (Ong, Olson, Flynn, Dupre) science and technology.  See below


4. the triumph of nihilism
•Fourth, the triumph of nihilism as the socio-cultural engineering project of global corporate networks of unimaginable reach and power, generating an entropic process of disindividuation.  Mass consumption as a mode of absorption and transformation of the organism.  The fiction of freedom, the subversion of individuation, the inner logic of addiction, the commodification of distress, the infantilization of public discourse . . . in short, the dissipation of the species homo sapiens sapiens into a proliferation of effects.  DSM-V as the operating manual of the post-human ontology.  The incredible shrinking self.  This is the new Democratic party  whose rhetorical vector is liberal not progressive (the triumph of commerecial republicanism over the civic republicanism of the New Deal).*

*Harold Mah, Enlightenment Phantasies: Cultural Identity in France and Germany, 1750-1914 (Cornell, 2003).  In a nutshell: civic republicanism incorporates a concept of bildung (republican virtue); commerial republicanism does not.


Progressivism in the United States, circa 1936:

the UAW and the Roosevelt Administration


The Public sphere WIKI (Habermas, Fraser, and Houser)
all these views ignore cog. dev. issues; print liteacy (Ong, Luria)

understanding the uaw through the concept of (Enlightenment) biocultural niche

Schiller Hall as salon (Ed Lock) Cliff Williams with the two kids from U of M; Saul Wellman and the "salon" embedded in the CP milieu; the 104th St. salon

Elite Theory (Wikipedia)

print-based discursive arenas:

But print literacy, such as swept northwestern Europe hrough the nineteenth and into the twentieth century, is ontologically and developmentally transformative.  It is not merely associated wwith the emergeince of the modern “Individual”; it is constitutteive of the modern individual.  The book, the printed word, as mere surface phenomenoa, behind which is something that could be call a will to power (Bildung): see
Proximal processes and biocultural niche (proximal processes 1, proximal processes 2) and the "salon"
critique of Hauser/WIKI

that is, with the shift from FDR to Bill Clinton

Trump’s cogntive perfomativity and political theater

this primitive, degenerate biocultural niche makes a mockerey of the New Testament, while carving out vast secotrs of the ublic sector—f


Christian J. Emden, Friedrich Nietzsche and the Politics of History (Cambridge, 2011)

the UAW (Unity Caucus*): Bildungsproletarians and Plebeian Upstarts:
Intersubjectivity, Shared Intentionality, and the Extended Mind
b
the UAW, 1933-1943: a working notebook

Reading and the pubic sphere: salons*, coffee houses

salons

What was modernity?  The UAW and the New Deal.  Modernity as wave of literacy development science and technology.  See below
Modernity as wave of: Jacobs, enlightenment salon; the informal "salons"of the working class*
jouissounce

*Reginald E. Zelnick, ed., A Radical Worker in Tsarist Russia: The Autobiography of Sėmen Ivanovich Kanatchikov (Stanford, 1986)


A History of Reading and Writing In the Western World (PalgraveMacmillan, 2010)

 9. The Reading Fever, 1750-1830 ("Everyone in Paris is reading . . .  People read while riding in carriages  or taking walks . . . Women, children, journeymen and apprentices read in shops.  On Sundays people read while seated at the front of their houses; lackeys read on their back seats, coachmen up on their boxes, and soldiers keeping guard."

10. The Age of the Mass Reading Public (“Between the 1830s and the First World War . . . a mass reading public came into existence.”)

11. New Readers and Reading Cultures ("The half century between the 1880s and the 1930s was the golden age of the book in the West.")


h



the uaw considered as a set of biocultural niches
Two Bioculturral Niches: Enlightenment* and Patrimonial**

The UAW, networks of power maps perfectly onto the two-party system; it also maps perfectly onto Darrin M. McMahon, Enemies of the Enlightement: the French Counter-Enlightenment and the Making of Modernity (Oxford University Press, 2001), pp. 48-52 (excerpt here) READ THIS NOW

Germans and midwestern socialists were progressive outcomes of the Reformation (see Nordic Paths to Modernity) post-Reformation secular radicals, both north european (German, Swedeish, Norwegian, Finnish, Estonian, Latvian) and British (England, Wales, and Scotland)

the russian border lands

the Poles

Hometownsmen: the Elder report and Ben Wainwright

late-modernizers skip the reformation and go directly to the radical enlightenment (Russians, Serbs, Hungarians

Nordic Paths to Modernity (Berghahn Books, 2012)

Richard White

the failure of a dream: enlightenment aborted

Elite Theory (Wikipedia)

*Enlightenment, public sphere, Schiller Hall (Lock interview), Cliff Williams and New America kids; Ong passim; Wellman: CP in post-war Flint
**Nelson Lichtenstein on Ford and the question of fascism


The UAW, 1933-43: Networks of Power
h
Civil War in Midland Steel, circa 1939:
Ethno-cultural and socio-technical Analysis


the Elder report, September 2, 1939 (Homer Martin's Michael Cohen)

the absent masses: biocultural niches
Bildungsproletarians and the biocultural niche "the Enlightenment"
relationship of plebeian upstarts to the BCN "Enlightenment"

Nelson Lichtenstein on the biocultural niches at Ford

Elite Theory (Wikipedia)

the absent masses
a. plebeian upstarts

1. the Joe Adams ratio:         10.6% (Dodge Main) PF
2. the Charlie Yaeger ratio:    7.2% (Buick) Skeels
3. the Bud Simons ratio:        7.5% (Fisher Body 1) Skeels p. 16

b. bildungsproletarians: 0.1%, or about one in a thousand

Dodge Main: 2 ratios (21,894 members in Fall 1939)

n=13 (0.06%): Meeting of the Chrysler Executive Boards and shop committees, November 7, 1939

n=34. (0.16%): Emergency Meeting of Chrysler Executive Boards and Shop Committees, October 8, 1939

c. the Paul Silver/John Anderson triangulation: locals 410, 238, and 350

d. the James Lindahl retrospective

e. the Charlie Yaeger retrospective



"The Origins of the "Welfare State": The Keynesian Elite and
the Second New Deal, 1910-1936" (manuscript, 1987)



The Keynesian Elite as biocultural niche
Elite Theory (Wikipedia)

"Liberal Businessmen"Ezekiel papers

Figure 2. intersubjectivity, shared intentionality,
and the Extended Mind:
 The Keynesian Elite in the New Deal state
hh
Source: "Membership List, May 1927," in the Morris L. Cooke Papers, box 66,
FDR Library; and United States Government Manual 1937

for more info on Fig.2 click on Keynesian Elite: Career Matrix;
also: the
Papers of John M. Carmody
Joanna Bockman. Markets in the Name of Socialism: The Left-Wing Origins of Neoliberalism (Stanford University Press, 2011): three reviews

MEMO Ben Cohen to Leon Henderson, June 12, 1939
MEMO Corwin Edwards to Leon Henderson April 12, 1939
FF to FDR 11-21-34 re. Leffingwell

Figure 2. U.S. Political Economy by Sector, 1910 to 1939
input-output matrices: capital formations and the two-party system
cc

Thermidor, 1945-1948: upper right=hand quadrant of Systems Transformation

Thermidor seen through the shopfloors of southeast michigan

John Carmody T&D rept
SIE Cleveland Chapter 1922: LIST


the Midland Steel-Cleveland Trust Connection
f
ss
The Two-party System (Semiotic Regimes):


CNN, MSNBC, and Fox News: managing the masses
(Morning Joe Does it All)
   
Morning Joe's "troubling" report about NYC liberal elitists on the Upper West Side (October 31, 2008)
The two-party System (Semiotic Regimes I):
Cognitive Performativities and Emotional Configurations

h

"Today, many of our socials tensions have been expressed in terms of
implosion and depressive collapse or, in a similar way, its flip side:
explosions of violence, rage, the search for new sensations"






The two-party System: Semiotic Regimes II
Elites and their Masses

see Elites: Strategic and Otherwise


h

*The New York Times and the Washington Post contain primarily concrete operational hack jobs.  However, they also upon occasion contain articles consistent with the cognitive toolkit of the social sciences.  During and after the withdrwal from Afghanistan, several gems of reporting appeared in both papers.  See also the articles that can be found in Elites in the Time of Trump.


The figure above combines cognitive and emotional processes. Deployment of a concept of semiotic regimes enables making sense of media productions as a moral theater of ressentiment and complaint. So-called "conspiracy theories", when apprehended in the context of this figure, become intelligible as instances of the political mobilization of the paranoid-schizoid position. (Clarke and Umberto Eco)It is within this context that a concept of the sado-sexual eigenvector of GOP perfomativity emerges.  The excerpt to the right maps perfectly onto the above figure:

Changing perceptions of the public sphere, edited by Christian J. Emden and David Midgley

Beyond Habermas: Democracy, Knowledge, and the Public Sphere,
edited by Christian J. Emden and David Midgley

, Habermas and the Public Sphere, edited by
Craig Calhoun (MIT  Press, 1993)

Rodney Benson, "Shaping the Public Sphere: Habermas and Beyond," The American Sociologist, Vol. 40, No. 3 (Sep., 2009), pp. 175-197

The Imus Brouhaha and that which is called "Racism"




b
b
b
b
Emotional Configurations
from Alain Ehrenberg, The Weariness of the Self: Diagnosing the History of Depression in the Contemporary Age ( (McGill-Queens University Press, 2010)

We are changing, of course, but that does not necessarily mean we are progressing.  Combined with all the forces that today exhort us to look into our own private lives, the “civilization of change” has stimulated a massive interest in psychic disorders.  It can be heard from all quarters, and it takes form in the many marketplaces that offer inner balance and tranquility.  Today, many of our socials tensions have been expressed in terms of implosion and depressive collapse or, in a similar way, its flip side: explosions of violence, rage, the search for new sensations.  pp. 185-6

As addictive explosion reflects depressive implosion, so the drug-taker’s search for sensation reflects the depressed person’s lack of feeling.  Depression, that crossroads of pathology, serves as a canvas upon which to sketch out the changes in modern subjectivity, the displacement of the hard task of being healthy.  In a context in which choice is the norm and inner insecurity the price, these pathologies make up the dark side of contemporary private life.  Such is the equation of the sovereign individual: psychic freedom and individual initiative = identity insecurities and the incapacity to act.  p. 232



Friedrich Nietzsche on the Semiotic Regimes of the Two-party System
from F. Nietzsche, Twilight of the Idols (p. 51 Penguin)

To this extent media discourse* is never to be taken literally: as such, it never contains anything but nonsense.  But as semiotics it remains of incaculable value: it reveals, to the informed man, at least, the most precious realities of cultures and inner worlds** which did not know how to "understand" themselves. Media discourse*** is merely sign-language, merely sympomology . . .

from F. Nietzsche, On Truth and Lies in a Nonmoral Sense

A mobile army of metaphors, metonyms, and anthropomorphisms—in short, a sum of human relations which have been enhanced, transposed, and embellished poetically and rhetorically, and which after long use seem firm, canonical, and obligatory to a people: truths are illusions about which one has forgotten that this is what they are; metaphors which are worn out and without sensuous power; coins which have lost their pictures and now matter only as metal, no longer as coins.

  * "moral judgement" in the original
** on inner worlds: from Daniel Dor, "The instruction of imagination: language and its evolution as a communication technology" in SOOL.
Current discourse on human experiencing tends to ignore the privacy of experience for a very good theoretical reason: much of the discourse has emerged as a counter-reaction to the solipsistic view of human experiences based on Cartesian philosophy, and has thus sytematically highlighted the intersubjective nature of human experiencing—the primacy of the interpersonal over the intrapersonal.  p. 108
In order to understand language, then, I suggest that we have to abandon both the Kantian dictum, the foundational presupposition of the cognitive sciences, that all human experiences comply with a universal interpretive scheme, and the neo-Kantian conviction, the foundational presupposition of most of the social sciences, that the members of every culture and sub-culture experience the world in the same ways.  We have to begin with the acknowldgement that each human individual lives in a private, experienctial world which is different from that of the others, and is inaccessible to them.  p. 109  Roper, Lacan
All languages are socially constructed technologies for the instruction of imagination, but the actual dynamics of exploration and stabilization in each and every language could be as variable as their communities, their histories, their particular communicative needs, their collective capacities, and the private experiential worlds of their speakers. 124
*** "Morality" in the original
Immanuel Kant and Bryant/Deleuze on the Semiotic Regimes of the Two-Party System
from Levi R. Bryant, Difference and Givenness: Deleuze's Transcendental Empiricism and the Ontology of Immanence (Northwestern University Press, 2008)

. . . . so long as philosophy assumes that thought has a natural affinity with the true . . . a specific form of objectivity (natural common sense), and bases itself on the model of recognition, thought cannot help but become unconsciously trapped in its own implicit presuppositions which are culturally, historically, and socially contingent. . . .  Deleuze thus begins with a critique of the transcendental subject as a structure consisting of invariant categories. (17)

from Imanuel Kant, Critique of Pure Reason (A 51/B 75) p. 107 in Hackett 1996

Thoughts without intuitions are empty; intuitions without concepts are blind.

Measures of Cognitive Performativity
Data

Nicholas Kristof, "McDonald’s Workers in Denmark Pity Us," New York Times, May 8, 2020

Think of it this way. Workers at McDonald’s outlets all over the world tend to be at the lower end of the labor force, say the 20th percentile. But Danish workers at the 20th percentile are high school graduates who are literate and numerate.

In contrast, after half a century of underinvestment in the United States, many 20th-percentile American workers haven’t graduated from high school, can’t read well, aren’t very numerate, struggle with drugs or alcohol, or have impairments that reduce productivity.

from Philip Roth unbound: interview transcript (Daily Beast, October 30, 2009)

Tina Brown: You said in an interview that you don’t think novels are going to be read 25 years from now. Were you being provocative or do you believe that to be true?

Philip Roth: I was being optimistic about 25 years really. No, I think it’s going to be cultic. I think always people will be reading them, but it’ll be a small group of people—maybe more people than now read Latin poetry, but somewhere in that range. . . .  To read a novel requires a certain kind of concentration, focus, devotion to the reading. . .  I think that that kind of concentration, and focus, and attentiveness, is hard to come by. It’s hard to find huge numbers of people, or large numbers of people or significant numbers of people who have those qualities.


from Maryanne Wolf, Reader Come Home: The Reading Brain in a Digital World (Harper Collins, 2018), p. 179

The seriousness of the current reality means that at the present rate, the majority of eighth-grade children could be classified as functionally illiterate in a few years' time.


from Edward Frenkel And Hung-Hsi Wu, "Republicans Should Love 'Common Core'.  National standards can revive the way we teach math and science," Wall Street Journal, 5-6-13

Mathematical education in the U.S. is in deep crisis. The World Economic Forum ranks the quality of math and science education in the U.S. a dismal 48th. This is one of the reasons the 2010 report "Rising Above the Gathering Storm" by the National Academies warned that America's ability to compete effectively with other nations is fading. . . .  [The report refers to] the current lock-step march to the bottom of international student performance in math and science.



Figure 3a.  PISA Math Scores, 2003 to 2018:
21 Developed Nations & 4 East Asian City-States (SHMC)
H
note 1.  " . . . several limitations in the data used in non-response-bias analyses submitted by Hong Kong (China) and the United States."  see"inexplicable anomalies"

Figure 3b.  PISA Math Scores, 2003 to 2018:
              18 Anglo-European Nations
a
see"inexplicable anomalies"
Problems with the U. S. Data:
Political (2006) and "Technical" (2018)



New England
Southeast (north)
Southest (south)
Mideast (Pa., N.Y., N.J.)
Great Lakes
Plains
Southwest
Rocky Mountain
Far West


k

Eternal Return* and Breaking News**:
event, Jan 6 synthetic a priori, Roper and Moore
the msnbc podcast american radical

Oxford, Michigan school shooting: n=3
Ga. Trial
Rittenhouse verdict -- Kenosha events & trial: n=4
•telephone threats: n=9
Upton audio transcript
Swalwell audio transcript
these are "events" comprehended through a multiple of synthetic a prioris


*Anindya Bhattacharyya, Notes on Nietzsche’s eternal recurrence (excerpt): Daniel Chapelle, Nietzsche and Psychoanalysis (State University of New York Press, 1993)
**DATA as synthetic a priori under whose sign "Breaking News" events emerge as objects of cognition.  Lifeworlds vs. the Cartesian synthetic a priori: American Radical

•Roper and Moore and Walzer, and Frank: as what it is that returns eternally:
as synthetic a priori


Ehrenberg re Trump, Q-Anon

regression to a more simplified cognitive modality

•Arestees re. Jan. Sixth Fascist Assault on the Capitol: as synthetic a priori









This site is a rhizome
The site as a whole recognizes that the Internet is the techno-cognitive axis of a praxiological revolution in thought, where the extended mind is fused with philosophy as the critical accompaniment to empirical practice.

This site is a rhizome.  Its principle of production is transcendental empiricism.  (see also philosophy and history). 

from John Marks, Gilles Deleuze: Vitalism and Multiplicity (Pluto Press, 1998)

The rhizome is a figure borrowed from biology, opposed to the principle of foundation and origin which is embedded in the figure of the tree.  The model of the tree is hierarchical and centralized, wheas the rhizome is proliferating and serial, functioning by means of the principle of connection and heterogeneity.

Deleuze and Guatarri argue that the book has been linked traditionally to the model of the tree, in that the book has been seen as an organic unit, which is both hermetically sealed, but also a reflection of the world.  In contrast, the rhizome is neither mimetic nor organic.  It only ever maps the real, since the act of mapping is a method of experimenting with the real: and it is always an open system, with multiple exits and entrances.  In short, the rhizome is an 'acentred' system; the map of a mode of thought which is always 'in the middle'. p 45


"Texts" and "data" coexist in a plane of immanence governed by consilience, attunement, and affinity.  The Brandom-Sellars observation is borne in mind:

" . . . according to Sellars's view, the difference between theoretical objects and observable objects is methodologcal rather than ontological.  That is, theoretical and observable objects are not different kinds of things.  They differ only in how we come to know about them."*

Concepts are not brought in from outside the phenomenological field, but rather emerge immanently.  Concepts are not meant to subdue the empirical material, but to illuminiate it.**

*from Robert B. Brandom, "The Centrality of Sellars's Two-Ply Account of Observations to the Arguments of 'Empiricism and the Philosophy of Mind', in Robert B. Brandom, Tales of the Mighty Dead: Historical Essays in the Metaphysics of Intentionality (Harvard University Press, 2002)
**see the critique of the U of C study here.



the decay of languuge in the public sphere
                                                       MSNBC

➤SCRIPTS


theland ofbland opinion:?:these people ought to be held accountabl.e
acting out
what-aboutism
Adults in the room
that's unfortunate
*how does that feel?
*how important is this?  “Very important.”
how difficult is it?
*message (ing)
*disconnect
*legacy
*hypocrisy
*distraction
spreading misinformation vs. talkin' shit

**folk psychology: "he still believes . . . " (that the election was stolen)
do you think the president expected that to happen (riot)
do you think he would have condmned the aTTACK if he had not  beeen advised to
potesters, monsters, whatever you want to call them



➤EUPHEMISMS

this mess (ref: FacistPerform. julianai election)
meddle
frankly
nonsense
shenanigans
mischief
misinformation
enthusiasm
disinformation
false narrative
hate speech
out of control
spiraling down

➤MEASURES

a little bit
quite some time
double digit


➤QUALIFIERS that undermine the qualified
sort of
not necessarily
a little bit


➤SUBJECT-VERB

Boston's level of hospitalizations are
**the number of cases are going down
**what do you think ARE on the minds of Georgia voters
subject-verb agreement when the subject is modified by a prepositional phrase
the lion's share ARE
"our only hope over the next 5 years are . . . "  Joe Scarborough jna 8 2021

➤REDUNDANCIES
warning to viewers: some of this is graphic
very initial
very finite
more worse
over-hype
high-profile prominent figures
very unique (absolute adjectives)
a very key job

rebounce: can the CDC's reputation rebounce?
pretty insufficient (wooden iron)
highly remote (trump's chances of overturning election)
Fellow colleagues
one of the key cornerstones
two key battleground states
communities that were most hardest hit
most dominant strain (of Covid)
these are huge big challenges
Chris Hayes: "the core base of the democratic party"
composition of the makeup of the Georgia voters
more inundated with patients
so many countless first responders

➤REDUNDANCIES INDICATE OF SEMANTIC DISSOLUTION  absolute adjective
omicron is not as dominant

MODIFIERS (very) whose use undermines the logical structure of the modified (very unique) absolute adjective

➤gutted out; reported out

GRAMMAR: subject-verb agreement

Such a collapse might already be indicated by the ongoing de-complexification of American English.  {very unique; collapse/disappearance of prepositions; the inability to spot the subject in a sentence (and make the verb agree with it);

Because the media performs this cognitive decline, the decay of reason is invisible within the cognitively decaying public sphere.  One can observe the rhetorical performances of talking heads through the prism of e.g. English Grammar for Dummies (Wiley, 2010) and spot the decay of the logical structure of language in:

➤PREPOSITIONS

uncertainty in the use of prepositions (the speaker knows a preposition belongs in a sentence but just doesn't know which one to use);
the use of phrases such as very unique, very major and others where the meaning of the word being modified precludes such quantitative modifiers;
use of terms such as over-exaggerated and over-hyped (redundancies indicative of semantic dissolution); misuse of fewer and less . . .  and so on into the night of cognitive dissipation.
--------
cognitive minimalism
mindless empiricism
philopietistic; hagiography; the eternal return of the cartesian myth*
       *motive, opinion
racial disparities; discussions of president trump that take the form: not-trump would do something elese.  So its about not-Trump, not Trump.


“civilization” as sets of proximal zones
zone of proximal development, proximal processes, biocultural niche:
the shopfloor as arena of proximal zone interactions (Bill Jenkins on Bulgarians)
the shopfloor and Walter Ong
the shopfloor and Alcorn

a dense web of interconnections




k
j
j

from Anindya Bhattacharyya, Notes on Nietzsche’s eternal recurrence

Treating eternal recurrence as a systematic doctrine fails to do justice in my eyes to the profoundly anti-systematic and indeed anti-philosophical tenor of Nietzsche’s work. The eternal recurrence of the same is a provocation to thought rather than a mystery underlying it. To adapt an image from Gilles Deleuze’s 1962 book on Nietzsche, the thought of eternal return is “an arrow shot by Nature that another thinker picks up where it has fallen so that he can shoot it somewhere else” (Deleuze, ix).

Stambaugh makes a similar point when she states that any interpretation of eternal return is “forced to ‘go beyond’ Nietzsche’s writings, published or unpublished, on the subject… If one adheres strictly to what Nietzsche wrote about eternal return, it is impossible to ‘solve’ the enormous problems inherent in this thought.” (Stambaugh, p103).








American Fascism



Figure 3.  The Quantum Heterogeneity of Dasein: Five Genetic Ontologies
(Five Principles of the Production of Practices)
Genetic Ontology
Sources
(Full page here)
Primate
   Dominance and Deference
Mazur, deWaal, Wrangham . . .
Paleolithic
   Dynamic Egalitarianism
Whiten, Descola, Chase, Price . . .
Ressentiment & the Mechanisms of Defense
   Despotic regime; Racism;
   Nationalism; Fascism
Nietzsche, Deleuze & Guattari, Clarke, Paxton, Knox . . .
Bildung & the Will to Power (Jouissance)
   Progressive Narcisism; Individuation;
   Progressivism, Socialism, Communism
   the UAW and the Keynesian Elite
Hegel, Nietzsche, Vygotsky, Piaget, Alcorn . . .
Nihilism & the Last Man
   Regressive Narcissism and the   
   Culture of Consumption; Repressive
   Desublimation; Disindividuation;  
   Neoliberalism
Nietzsche, Hall, Ehrenberg, Stiegler, Illouz, Marcuse . . .






aaa
aaa
aaa
aaa
aaa
aaa


The Sado-Sexual Eigenvector of GOP Performativity
lengthy excerpts from Lowndes    A MUST-RREAD

GOP as the Stupid Party: an inadequate     use

resentiment and the mech of def    use

theater of ressentiment (on the Giffords shooting)

The Imus Brouhaha and that which is called "Racism"

Heart of Darkness   needs editing

RMD2Musso  use



Excerpts Nov 25 2019 (from indexJULY1915) just notes; use some

American Exceptionalism III use, edit, select.  important stuff

CP Context (long, stuff on primatology)***

GOP history

GOP

GOPBase









Cognitive Development
Semiotic Regimes November 2019

The Sapient Paradox 

the PISA Results: Evolutionary, Historical, Developmental, Psychological

Developmental Divergence 

1-dev diverg

SemioticRegimes.html (intelligible,  coherent)

American Exceptionalism: Education without Development
(an assessment of the cognitive performativity of the rhetoric of reform.  Comparison of the cognitive performativity evident in the PISA reports with the rhetoric of educational reform in the United States suggests that the educational reformers themelves suffer from strategically disabling cognitive limitations.)

The President Who Doeesn't Read




Elites

II.  U. S. official resigns over Afghan war  
Foreign Service officer and former Marine captain says he no longer knows
why his nation is fighting, by Karen DeYoung, Washington Post, October 27, 2009
letter of resignation  

excerpt from letter: (note the central place of a traditional vs. modern conflict in this passage.  Emphasis added.)
 
"If the history of Afghanistan is one great stage play, the United States is no more than a supporting actor, among several previously, in a tragedy that not only pits tribes, valleys, clans, villages and families against one another, but, from at least the end of King Zahir Shah's reign, has violently and savagely pitted the urban, secular, educated and modern of Afganistan against the rural, religious, illiterate and traditional.  It is this latter group that composes and supports the Pashtun insurgency. The Pashtun insurgency, which is composed of multiple, seemingly infinite, local groups, is fed by what is perceived by the Pashtun people as a continued and sustained assault, going back centuries, on Pashtun land, culture, tradtions and religion by internal and external enemies."

a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
Afghanistan I
"Deceptions and lies: What really happened in Afghanistan," Washington Post, 8-10-21

The interviews and documents, many of them previously unpublished, show how the administrations of Presidents George W. Bush, Barack Obama and Donald Trump hid the truth for two decades: They were slowly losing a war that Americans once overwhelmingly supported. Instead, political and military leaders chose to bury their mistakes and let the war drift, culminating in President Biden’s decision this year to withdraw from Afghanistan, with the Taliban more powerful than at any point since the 2001 invasion.

Afghan security forces, despite years of training, were dogged by incompetence and corruption WAPO

Key WAPO page

The War on Terror Was Corrupt From the Start (NYT Sept. 13, 2021)


U. S. official resigns over Afghan war:
Foreign Service officer and former Marine captain says he no longer knows why his nation is fighting
by Karen DeYoung, Washington Post, October 27, 2009

letter of resignation  

excerpt from letter: (note the central place of a traditional vs. modern conflict in this passage.  Emphasis added.)
 
"If the history of Afghanistan is one great stage play, the United States is no more than a supporting actor, among several previously, in a tragedy that not only pits tribes, valleys, clans, villages and families against one another, but, from at least the end of King Zahir Shah's reign, has violently and savagely pitted the urban, secular, educated and modern of Afganistan against the rural, religious, illiterate and traditional.  It is this latter group that composes and supports the Pashtun insurgency. The Pashtun insurgency, which is composed of multiple, seemingly infinite, local groups, is fed by what is perceived by the Pashtun people as a continued and sustained assault, going back centuries, on Pashtun land, culture, tradtions and religion by internal and external enemies."




Afghanistan II
from Arno J. Mayer, The Persistence Of The Old Regime : Europe To The Great War (Pantheon Books, 1981)

Scholars of all ideological persuasiions have downgraded the importance of preindustrial economic interests, prebourgeois elites, predemocratic authority systerms, premodernist artistic idioms, and 'archaic' mentalities.  They have done so by treating them as expiring remnants, not to say relics, in rapdily modernizing civil and politial societies. They have vastly overdrawn the decline of land, noble and peasant; the contraction of traditional manufacturing and trade, provincial burghers, and artisanal workers; the derogation of kings, public service nobilities, and upper chambers; the weakening of organized religion; and the atrophy of classsical high culture.   p. 5

As for the class formations of this precorporate entrepreneurial capitalism, the owners of small workshops were the backbone of the indepenedent lower middle class.  In turn, proprietors of medium-sized as well as larger plants, especially in textiles and food processing, constituted a bourgeoisie that was predominantly provincial rather than national and cosmopolitan. This bourgeoisie including commercial and private bankers, acted less as a socal class with a comprehesive political and cultural project than as an interest and pressure group in pursuit of economic goals.  (20)


Arno J. Mayer, Dynamics of Counterrevolution in Europe, 1870—1956 (Harper Torchbooks, 1971.  Emphasis added.)

Clauswitz does not see war as a continuation of diplomacy--that is, of interstate relations--by other--that is, violent means.  Significantly, he invariably opts for the comprehensive concept of politics, which subsumes diplomacy, thus leaving open the possibility that recourse to war can be not only influenced but, in some instances, even determined by internal political considerations.  p. 136

Here, then, is the paradox.  Whereas wars whose motivation and intent are primarily diplomatic and external retain their political purposes, as conceived by Clauswitz, those whose mainsprings are essentially political and internal fail to acquire a well-defined project." p. 138

As for wars of primarily partisan and internal dynamic, they are decided by political actors and classes whose political tenure and social position tend to be insecure and whose latttiude for foreign policy decision tends to be circumscribed.  Precisely because their internal influence and control are tenuous, these actors and classes are inclined to have recourse to external war which, if successful, promises to shore up ther faltering positions. . . .  at the outset even the minimal external objectives  of wars that are sparked internally have a tendency to be singularly ill-defined.  p. 138



index2022

indexSept
IndexAugust
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SiteMap
index2020C
indexPortal
indexMay


MarxUAW
2. The Cartesian Fallacy
3. The President Who Doesn't Read

on the origins of the Iraq war


Wars "whose mainsprings are essentially political and internal fail to acquire a well-defined project."

"As for wars of primarily partisan and internal dynamic . . . . at the outset even the minimal external objectives of wars that are sparked internally have a tendency to be singularly ill-defined."

Rationale for the Iraq War, From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Throughout late 2001, 2002, and early 2003, the Bush Administration worked to build a case for invading Iraq, culminating in then Secretary of State Colin Powell's February 2003 address to the Security Council.[5] Shortly after the invasion, the Central Intelligence Agency, Defense Intelligence Agency, and other intelligence agencies largely discredited evidence related to Iraqi weapons and, as well as links to Al Qaeda, and at this point the Bush and Blair Administrations began to shift to secondary rationales for the war, such as the Hussein government's human rights record and promoting democracy in Iraq.[6][7] Opinion polls showed that the population of nearly all countries opposed a war without UN mandate, and that the view of the United States as a danger to world peace had significantly increased.[8][9][10] UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan described the war as illegal, saying in a September 2004 interview that it was "not in conformity with the Security Council."[11]

Accusations of faulty evidence and alleged shifting rationales became the focal point for critics of the war, who charge that the Bush Administration purposely fabricated evidence to justify an invasion it long planned to launch.[12]


comment: Foreign policy in this case is a function of internal domestic political considerations, not the rational calculations that would flow from "diplomatic and external" considerations.  War in this case is a tool used by conservative elites in the mass mobilization of the forces of ressentiment, and whose purpose is above all political theater.

Thurston Clarke, JFK's Last Hundred Days (Penguin, 2013), and Bill Minutaglio and Steven L. Davis, Dallas 1963 (Twelve, Hatchett Book Group, 2013)Understanding our Asian wars (Vietnam, Iraq, and Afghanistan) depends on understanding the Kennedy assassination.