the United Automobile Workers, 1933-1943: Networks of Power

Shared Intentionality and the Extended Mind: The UAW Interviews as Dialogical Field
y
The Geogrraphy of Agency: the bildungs-proletarians around whom formed the action networks of plebeian upstarts
j

ss
Job Description for Wage Studies.  Metal working industries

US Dept Labor, BLS.  Nov., 1945.
Production Production non-Production
Assembler (Class A, B, C)
Machine operator classifications
Automatic Lathe Operator (Class A, B, C)
Drill-Press Operator, Radial (Class A, B, C)
Drill-Press Operator, Single- or Multiple-Spindle (Class A, B, C)
Engine-Lathe Operator  (Class A, B, C)
Grinding Machine Operator  (Class A, B, C)
Machine-Tool operator, misc. machines
Milling-Machine Operator  (Class A, B, C)
Power-Shear Operator  (Class A, B, C)
Punch-Press Operator  (Class A, B)
Screw-Machine Operator, Automatic   (Class A, B, C)
Turret-Lathe Operator, Hand (Class A, B, C)
Swager
Forging Press Operator, Hydraulic (Vertical)
Other metal-working occupations
Welder, Hand (Class A, B) (Bill Mazey, Frank Fagan interviews); Almdale and Newby on welding
Welder, Machine (Class A, B)
Polisher and Buffer, Metal (metal finishing)
Riveter, Hydraulic
Riveter, Pneumatic
Solderer (Edmund Kord)

Non-metalworking occupations in the Auto industry

Trim (Joe Adams and Art Grudzen on trim)
paint (Paul Silver on paint testing)
Maintenance, Tool and Die, Shipping and Receiving
Carpenter, Maintenance
Crane Operator, Electric Bridge
Die Setter
Die Sinker
Tool and Die Maker
Trucker, Hand
Trucker, Power
Electrician, Maintenance
Electrician, Production
Millwright
Set-Up Man, Machine Tools
Loader and Unloader
Stock Clerk
Inspector  (Class A, B, C)
Tester (Class A, B, C)



Classes A, B, and C for Assembler, Lathe Operator, and Grinder




The Interviews: an overview
Detroit-east side
interviewees



Murray Body
UAW Local 2
Pody, Fagan, Jones
Dodge Main
UAW Local 3
Frankensteen, Watson, Ross, Harris, Adams, Ptazynski, Reynolds, Zaremba
Plymouth
UAW Local 51
NLRB, Sweet, bus.hist.,
Packard
UAW Local 190
McDaniel, Kujawski, Poplewski,Lindahl
Michigan Steel Tube
UAW Local 238 Klue
Detroit Steel Products
UAW Local 351
Silver
Midland Steel
UAW Local 410
N=24
Chrysler Highland Park
UAW Local 490
Jenkins



Detroit-Connor Ave
interviewees
 Chrysler-Jefferson
UAW Local 7
Zeller, Carey
Hudson
UAW Local 154
Anderson, Moore, Pody
Briggs
UAW Local 212
Bill Mazey, Ernie Mazey, Morris, Vega
Budd Wheel
UAW 306
Bauer



Detroit-west side and Dearborn
interviewees
Ford
UAW Local 600
Lock, Llewelyn, Tappes
Fleetwood
UAW Local 15
Anderson
Ternstedt
UAW Local 174


UAW Local 157




Flint


Fisher Body 1

Genski
Chevrolet

Jones
Buick

Bully
A.C. Spark Plug





Pontiac

GM Truck & Bus

Williams et. al.
Fisher Body
Williams et. al.
Pontiac Motors
Williams et. al.



Toledo


Auto-Lite


Chevrolet


Willys-Overland


Spicer Mfg.


City Auto Stamping


Logan Gear Co


Bingham Stamping and Tool





South Bend


Bendix


Studebaker





Milwaukee


Allis-Chalmers


Seaman Body





Cleveland


Fisher Body


White Motor




GG

UAW Timeline
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rr
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So far this page has moved, perhaps haphazardly, from the origins of language to the contemporary scene in the United States (Figure 0), while making clear at the outset that philosophy (Kant to Foucault, et al) is at the very center of this enterprise, and that one of the major problematics of this enterpise is the decline and perhaps catastrophic implosion of both individual cognitive development and cognitive performativity in real-life arenas (rallies, press conferences, "news" shows, interviews with rally attendees, etc.): biocultural niche distended/disintegrated

Enter the bildungs-proletarians* of southeast Michigan circa 1935-44.  Figure 1, The UAW (Unity Caucus) will have many uses and emerge in many contexts on this site.  Look at History of Reading NOW.  Chapter 11 provides an indespensible context.

11. New Readers and Reading Cultures ("The half century between the 1880s and the 1930s was the golden age of the book in the West.")

The first thing that must be said is that these bildungs-proletararians were intensely rather that merely literate.  They were quintessentially modern.  (Red-diaper babies know what I'm talking about.  As I found out when I came to Detroit, the pink-diaper babies who grew up in the Socialist milieu  of Reuther, Mazey, Silver, Kord, Jenkins, Bully, and so on, were similarly quintessentially modern.)**

It is our heritage--we red- and  pink-diapered ones who had been born into  this modernist milieu of bildungs-proletarians--that we are part of the extended mind of working-class modernity (Joe Adams Dodge Main sums it up). 

Now it becomes clearer what I am up to.  These interviews are a set of dialogic unfoldings that form a lens through which to examine the ontologies and events, the transformations and reactions, that are subsumed under the term unionization.  The factories, meeting halls, and neighborhoods of southeastern Michigan are laboratories in which to investigate the play of forces: first, the deep structures, the genetic ontologies (the principles of the production of practices--Bourdieu) that dominate the manifold areas of human activity; and second, the irruption of forces of an entirely different kind (Bordieu), referred to variously as agency, bildung, and the will to power.  In addition, some of these interviews forced me to include the more nebulous concept of jouissance.

It was these bildungs-proletarians around whom formed the action networks of plebeian upstarts (the Unity Caucus) who created the modern UAW in the 1930s.  From the standpoint of praxis both the Unity Caucus and the Keynesian elite should be conceived of as vanguard formations within the biocultural field of Progressivism.  Hence the juxtaposition of Figures 1 and 2.

What made this whole site possible is the literary and cognitive capabilities of the bildungsproletarian whom I interviewed.

In the cell to the right I provide a few examples.

1.  Neil Leighton and the shock of recognition.  All of us historians who interviewed these “workers” back in the seventies and eighties were struck by their powers of mind, and also by what can only be described as their strength of character.

2.  Saul Wellman wasn't a historian.  He was a communist (post-war chairman of the Mich CP). 

3.  Joe Adams sums up the mentalité of his peers

4.  Read these minutes and think of Donald Trump.  These workers were mostly plebeian upstarts, not bildungsproletarians.  Imagine what a Donald Trump in that context would sound like.  To get an idea of this, read Philip Rucker and Carol Leonning, A Very Stable Genius, pp. 129-139, on Trump's first big national security meeting in "The Tank" (when Tillerson called Trump a "fucking moron").

5. Reading the Kraus interview . . . Once I had gotten things organized (Figure 1) I went back to see how Fig 1 would work as a synthetic a priori.  Bingo! (This needs explaining)

*Nigger in the woodpile, Wikipedia
* see
Marshall W. Alcorn, Jr., Narcissism and the Literary Libido: Rhetoric, Text, and Subjectivity (New York University Press, 1994): excerpts
**





NAME
NOMOTHETIC AND HERMENEUTICAL MATERIALS
Neil Layton
Historian
the shock of recognition

one of the most interesting things for those of us working on this project is that after just a very short period of time in talking to a lot of rank-and-file people, you realize that, although they look like everybody else in Flint, they’re not, down deep they’re not. And their views on politics and religion may be the same as everybody else; they may be different. But there’s a certain level below which―and they’ve got these skills. Of course, the people coming out of the academic world, you know, particularly those out of a middle-class background, they cannot believe that anybody that hasn’t been to college can read.
Saul Wellman Michigan State Chairman of the Communist Party
 on cogntive and cultural "awakening" in Flint immediate post-war years

Wellman: Flint is what I consider to be the asshole of the world; it's the roughest place to be.  Now we recruited dozens of people to the Party in Flint, and they came out of indigenous folk.  And those are the best ones.  But we couldn't keep them in Flint very long, once they joined the Party.  Because once they came to the Party a whole new world opened up.  New cultural concepts, new people, new ideas.  And they were like a sponge, you know.  And Flint couldn't give it to them.  The only thing that Flint could give you was whorehouses and bowling alleys, you see.  So they would sneak down here to Detroit on weekends--Saturday and Sunday--where they might see a Russian film or they might . . .  hear their first opera in their lives or a symphony or talk to people that they never met with in their lives. . . .

On the other hand the reality of joining a movement of this type is that the guy who is in the indigenous area looks around and says this is idiocy, I can't survive here.
Joe Adams (Dodge Main Local 3) interview conducted around 1975-76
Modernist Sensibilities on Detroit's East Side, circa 1930s

“My background on unionism.  Mostly it was like on my dad with the newspaper socialism.  He believed in socialism.  He used to sit there and talk.  I had seven brothers, and hell, the old man used to sit down.  He was a pretty intelligent guy, like the Reuther boys we used to listen to the old man.”

“Religion was a bunch of bullshit.  As a statesman Reuther got to be where he went to some church and just went there once in a while just to make it look good, but shit when he died he [they] let nobody near him—any of them—godddamn rabbis or preists or ministers, he felt the same way about all of them there like [Roy] and him, up your bunhole, just burn it and get the hell over with it.  That’s the way I feel about it.”

 “There are a nucleus of people in any organization that make all organizations function.  I don’t care what you say.  You can have a million members and there can be fifty of them that makes the UAW function, which is what happened there for the last thirty five years.  The Reuthers, the Woodcocks, myself.  You know when a guy like me brings in 250,000 members into this goddamn union he has to have a semblance of some intelligence.  he just can’t go out and say ‘I’m an organizer’.  In Patterson NJ there was 32,000 people in Wright Aeronautical, and I got 23,000 votes out of them people for the UAW.”

Plebeian Upstarts in Action

4. Minutes, Murray Body Committee Local 2 at Executive Board Meeting, April 26, 1939, Toledo Ohio, Addes Collection, Box 14.11, Reuther Archives Detroit re. competitive situation in the spring and wire industry

5. Reading the Kraus interview through the lens of figure 1

5.  Packard Report 9-26-38

Chrysler Emergency Meeting Schiller Hall 1939

Meeting of the Chrysler Executive Boards and Shop Committees, November 7, 1939 — Schiller Hall 

Lloyd Garrison to Felix Frankfurter

Garrison to Felix Frankfurter re. Allis Chalmers 4-29-41 

7.  Christofel-Lilienthal (and Lindahl): Allis Chalmers (Milwaukee, UAW Local 248),

James Lindahl (Communist)
Packard Local 190



Daniel Nelson, “How the UAW Grew,”

Lichtenstein on West Side
Mortimer on Cleveland
Fine on Flint
book on Milwaukee

COMMUNISTS
*John Anderson, (the central committee boys; Simons & Travis, ditto; Ray Monk on CP in Berkeley
Henry Kraus on communists in the UAW
*Stanley Novak
*Saul Wellman
**Bud Simons
**Robert Travis
*Ed Lock
*, **Bill Genski   
*Irene Marinovich
*Petrakovitz
*George Borovich
James Lindahl
Local 238 Latvian
*Mary Davis
**Shelton Tappes
**J. D. Dotson Flint
*Herman Burt
William Weinstone
  **Smith, Arthur (striker at Fisher 1, Communist)


UAW Talking Points


Bildung and Ressentiment
Civil War, 1936 to 1941: Midland Steel (readings)
Schiller Hall: Bildung and Modernity (readings)
Joe Adams on atheism of his peers (the Reuther group and beyond) North Dakota, Postel, Montgomery, Guttman
Orality and Literacy  Ong, Olson, Luria, Heretz, Mironov
Paul Silver (Detroit Steel Products) on print vs. oral cultures on the shopfloor ONG LURIA
Saul Wellman (CP, Flint) on escape from the idiocy of orality
Rosenfeld and Musso
Bildungsproletarians and their other
Herman Burt on Polish women
Bill Jenkins on the Bulgarians
Williams et. al. on hillbillies in Pontiac
LIST n=37
Shelton Tappes and Herman Burt on Uncle Toms
Frank Fagan on the "Americans"
Plebeian upstarts
Emergence of a UAW local
Bud Simon's letter; robt travis letter
Departmental biographies
Frank Fagan on welding and welders
Joe Adams and Art Grudzen on the Trim department
Edmund Kord's synoptic view
the Flying Squadrons: a workers' militia?
Events
Bud Simon on the firing of the two welders
•John Anderson re 3 locals
•John Anderson on CP in flux, critical period (this is part of Thermidor)
Joe Adams on 1943 strike
Earl Reynolds on first encounter
Edmund Kord on stubb out cigarettes
George Borovich and Chester Podgorsky on Sam Brear talking to ____________







UAW Timeline



It is this literary and cognitive aspect of the lives of these leaders that is central to an understanding of not only the formation of the UAW, but also the formation of the Keynesian Elite in the New Deal state.





Prelude to Trump: the Civil War in the UAW

CIVIL WAR IN MIDLAND STEEL:
ETHNO-CULTURIAL AND SOCIO-TECHNICAL ANALYSIS


the Elder report


j
click here for full text

the KKK in Packard, circa 1942
jj
In the matter of  . . .

Preferment of Charges against Frank Buehrle by Kurt Murdock, President of PACKARD LOCAL U.A.W.-C.I.O. #190, held at the local Headquarters of the Locall at 6100 Mt. Elliott Avenue, in the City of Detroit, Michigan.  April 3rd, 1942, at 7:30 P.M.

y
"7,500 Strike, Shut Three Chrysler Plants," Detroit News, May 20, 1943

GOING DOWN LISTS OF NAMES

Barney Kluck 1941 Wage Adjustment list for non-production workers: anomie/private

Frank Fagan 1943 Convention delegates from Local 2 (Murray Body)

John Anderson (PF going down list of activists*)

Cliff Williams et. al. delegates to 1937 UAW Milwaukee Convention

Michigan Steel Tube (Emergence of a UAW Local as a list)





GG

f


Minutes, Murray Body Committee Local 2 at Executive Board Meeting, April 26, 1939, Toledo Ohio, Addes Collection, Box 14.11, Reuther Archives Detroit re. competitive situation in the spring and wire industry

Frank Fagan on 1943 Convention Local 2 delegates LIST; Fagan on the "Americans" in the IWW strike of 1933/Edgewater Ford strike/AAWA Hudson  Black Legion (Kraus)


RE. THE JOE ADAMS RATIO/10.6%

Paul Silver--Edmund Kord--John Anderson--MIDLAND STEEL
MST on relationship between Bildungsproletarian(s) and Plebeian Upstarts

The Charlie Yaeger ratio (7.2%)

Cliff Williams vs. Bert Harris rational-bur-bild vs. RMD




FLYING SQUADRON:

Victor Reuther: Andeson, Indiana
Bud Simon: re Saginaw.  Run out of town (almost lynched)
Paul Silver: Dodge Main Flying Squadron to the picket line
Paul Silver: the Ford Strike
Paul Silver: the Briggs Strike
Robert Travis to Chas
Bud Simon on workers from Toledo
Edmund Kord on the picket line

the Taking of Chevy 4, Skeels
On taking of truck and bus

BILDUNGS-PROLETARIANS AND THEIR OTHER

Bill Jenkins on Bulgarians
Herman Burt on Polish women
Shelton Tappes on Local 600
Edmund Kord on the "gray mass"
Cliff Williams, Claude Henson and one other on Hillbillies in Pontiac
Barney Kluck on anomie in tool room


THE JEWISH QUESTION IN FLINT

Larry Jones re. Van Zandt
Norm Bully on CP and City College

Frank Fagan on LIST 1943


PLEBEIAN UPSTARTS

BILDUNGSPROLETRIANS AND PLEBEIAN UPSTARTS
(THE QUESTION OF CHARISMA)
Timothy R. Pauketat, An Archaeology of the Cosmos: Rethinking Agency and Religion in Ancient America (Routledge, 2012)

"communists" in Packard and Allis Chalmers
Garrison to FF re. Christoffel
James Lindahl Collection
John Anderson on communists in general; in Midland Steel in particular
Bill Jenkins on Bulgarian group (communists?)

THE INTERNATIONAL WORKERS ORDER

Chris Johnson/Maurice Sugar: on size of CP in Detroit (Petrakovich interview)
Ron Schatz on IWO and UE



Detroit East Side: UAW Locals: interviews
Leon Pody*
Murray Body
UAW Local 2
Frank Fagan
Murray Body UAW Local 2
Frank Fagan*
Murray BodyUAW Local 2
Lloyd Jones*
Murray Body UAW Local 2



Dick Frankensteen Dodge Main
UAW Local 3
Dick Frankensteen*Dodge Main
UAW Local 3
Charles Watson Dodge Main UAW Local 3
Harry Ross*
Dodge MainUAW Local 3
Richard Harris*
Dodge Main UAW Local 3
Joe Adams Dodge Main UAW Local 3
Joe Ptazynski
Dodge Main UAW Local 3
Earl Reynolds Dodge Main UAW Local 3
John Zaremba*
Dodge Main UAW Local 3



Sam Sweet
Plymouth
UAW Local 51



John McDaniel Packard
UAW Local 190
John McDaniel*Packard
UAW Local 190
Harry Kujawski Packard UAW Local 190
Eddie Dvornik Packard UAW Local 190
Adam Poplewski*
Packard UAW Local 190
James Lindahl***
Packard
UAW Local 190



Leonard Klue MICHIGAN STEEL TUBE UAW Local 238



Paul Silver
Detroit Steel Products
UAW Local 351



N = 35 interviewees
MIDLAND STEEL
UAW Local 410
John Anderson
CP, Midland Steel
MESA, UAW 155



Bill Jenkins Chrysler Highland Park
UAW Local 490



Tony Podorsek
body-in-white supervisor Dodge, Cadillac



A Homer Martin Local in the Eastside Ind Area: Midland Steel

Between the NRA and the CIO: the Making of the Unity Caucus

A Tale of Three Toolrooms

Midland Steel
Michigan Steel Tube
Dodge Main Earl Reynolds

Joe Adams and Art Gruzden relive the May 20, 1943 Strike
the 1937 sitdown strike
the November 1939 strike Rept

Joe Adams and Art Gruzden discuss the psychology and sociology of the workers in the Trim department

Joe Adams, Interview re. distrust of written agreement; the men are looking at you. What are you going to do?  Be a shithead(?)  In this discussion of the unspoken web of communication

this is but one series of elements that can be spun out just from this one episode of May 20, 1943.

re. Allis-Chalmers, UAW Local 248 ➞ UE Locals: re. "CP"

Lloyd Garrison to Felix Frankfurter, April 29, 1941
distrust of written
Felix Frankfurter to Lloyd Garrison, May 14, 1941 distrust of written
Stalin Over Wisconsin
Packard: Proceedinggs 1943;
James Lindahl papers (Reuther Archive)

Tony Podorsek on history of metal finishing


A Wartime Strike/A Wartime Strike





GG
"7,500 Strike, Shut Three Chrysler Plants," Detroit News, May 20, 1943
Groupings
Barney Kluck, Tool & Die the interviews: going down 1941 Non-production wage adjustments LIST

Barney Kluck and Bob Brenner ( switched vote, susequent investigation by PF) on the Tool Room

Ben Wainwright and the Elder Report (north Euro Prot, English swing  group of moderate but definitely modern citizens


Cliff Williams and Frank Fagan (Racism in Pontiac; telling it like it is in Murray Body 1943 LIST Catholic (ACTU) part of coalition with racist forces in uaw

"On Truth and Lies in a Nonmoral Sense (German: Über Wahrheit und Lüge im aussermoralischen Sinne, also called On Truth and Lie in an Extra-Moral Sense[1]) is a philosophical essay by Friedrich Nietzsche. It was written in 1873, one year after The Birth of Tragedy,[2] but was published by his sister Elisabeth in 1896 when Nietzsche was already mentally ill. The work deals largely with epistemological questions about the nature of truth and language, and how they relate to the formation of concepts."



Herman Burt on Racism on the shopfloor (LUNCH)




Patrimonialism and White Supremacy: the view from the shop floor


Detroit East Side: Midland Steel, UAW Local 410: interviews
Bob Brenner Tool and Die
Barney Kluk Tool and Die
Ed Tyll Tool and Die
Jim Peters
Chrysler line
Oscar Oden
Chrysler line
Ben WainwrightChrysler line
John PerryChrysler line
William HintzChrysler line
Joe BlockChrysler line
TiedermannChrysler line
George Bidinger
Large presses
George Borovich Large presses
Chester Podgorski Large presses
Podgorsky-Bidinger

Earl Pollntz

Louis VolettiLarge presses
Lawrence VolettiLarge presses
Herman BurtPaint Machine
Levi NelsonShipping & Recieving
Agnes Baransky
Small presses
Lotte Klas
Small presses
John Anderson
Organizer, Local 155
Art Lamb
Works Manager
Almdale and Newby Cleveland.  VPs Frame Division



BRIGGS

Bill Mazey
Ken Morris



A Tale of Three Toolrooms
Midland Steel
Michigan Steel Tube
Dodge Main Earl Reynolds


Detroit East Side.  Connor Ave: UAW Locals: interviews
Jack Zeller
 Chrysler-Jefferson
UAW Local 7
Ed Carey*
Chrysler-Jefferson UAW Local 7
Francis Moore
Hudson
UAW Local 154
Minnie Anderson
Hudson
UAW Local 154
Leon Pody*
Hudson
UAW Local 154
Leon Pody* Briggs UAW Local 212
Bill Mazey
Briggs
UAW Local 212
Ernie Mazey
Briggs
UAW Local 212
Ken Morris*
Briggs UAW Local 212
Art Vega*
Briggs UAW Local 212
Irwin Bauer
Budd Wheel
UAW Local 306



SHILLER HALL AS HABITUS/ZONE OF PROXIMAL DEVELOPMENT

Ed Lock: bildungsroman
1939 Chrysler Meeting

COMMUNISTS OBSERVE RACISM

Herman Burt
Shelton Tappes

BILDUNGS-PROLETRIANS ON THE "AMERICANS"
Cosmopolitans vs. Provincvials

Frank Fagan
Bud Simons

•Larry Jones-Clint van Zandt incident




Detroit West Side & Dearborn: UAW Locals: interviews
Ed Lock
Ford
UAW Local 600
Percy Llewelyn
Ford
UAW Local 600
Shelton Tappes Ford
UAW Local 600
Shelton Tappes*Ford
UAW Local 600
John Anderson
Fleetwood
UAW Local 15
Irene Marinovich (I)
Ternstedt
UAW Local 174
Mary Davis
CP

Stanley Novak
CP/UAW

Blain Marrin
Tool & Die
UAW Local 157





Williams-Yaeger-Smith discuss 1937 Local 159 delegates to Milwaukee Convention LIST

Bud Simons as ethnographer
Frank Fagan as ethnographer

The ethics of interpretation: The signifying chain from field to analysis, Discourse Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education 29(1) · March 2008, Claudia Lapping


the Elder Report ⊗ the Ben Wainwright interview re. Homer Martin and UAW Civil War





Racism, Patrimonialism

Bert Harris: Press Room; BlackLegion (Cliff Williams on)
A Prison Yard incident: Turk's gang vs. the black Muslims re. patrimonialism

x-ref "tar-dipping incident"

incident reported: "Unionists Linked to Tar-Party"DT 6-11-37
hearing reported: ["Tar-dipping is Laid to Five" DN 12-10-37] (blurred)


Flint and Pontiac: UAW Locals: interviews
Norman Bully
Buick (Flint) UAW Local 599
Arthur Case*
Buick (Flint) UAW Local 599
Larry Jones
Chevrolet (Flint) UAW Local 659
Bill Genski
Fisher Body #1 (Flint)
UAW Local 581
Bill Genski*
Fisher Body #1 (Flint)
UAW Local 581
Bud Simons*
Fisher Body #1 (Flint)
UAW Local 581
Bert Harris**
Fisher Body #1 (Flint) UAW Local 581
Arthur Smith
Fisher Body #1 (Flint) UAW Local 581



Cliff Williams +Yaeger
Yellow Cab (Pontiac)
UAW Local 594
Charlie Yaeger*


Bob Travis**
Flint
UAW Local 581
Henry Kraus**
Flint



Michael Tomasello, Becoming Human: a Theory of Ontogeny (Harvard, 2019): Shared, Collective intentionality; the cultural intelligence hypothesis

Marshall W. Alcorn, Jr., Narcissism and the Literary Libido: Rhetoric, Text, and Subjectivity (New York University Press, 1994)

Simon Jarvis, Wordsworth's Philosophical Song (Cambridge, 2007): Beyond the transcript

Jerrold Seigel, The Idea of the Self: Thought and Experience since the Sesventeenth Century (Cambridge, 2005)

“Language, Culture, and Mind: trends and standards in the latest penddulum swing,” N. J. Enfield.  Journal of the Royal Anthropolitical Institute (N.S.) 19, 155-169.  (2013)

 . . . distinctly human social cognitive capacities that include the bases of trust, co-operative and altruistic propensities, moral capacities, shared intentions and agency, sensitivity to local norms, and high-level abilities to model and track what others believe and what they know.

  Schiller in Barnow

Frank Fagan (Murray Body) provides both a synoptic view of the operation and is in fact an embodiment of the kind of bildungs-proletarian who were at the center of agency.  He is an actor in his time, and a collaborator in mine the extended mind of the unity caucus

Two Bildungsromans: Joe Adams and Tony Podorsek

BILDUNGS-PROLETRIANS ON THE "AMERICANS"
Toledo, Milwaukee, South Bend, and Cleveland
Wyndham Mortimer White Mtr (Cleve.), Flint
CP & UAW
Al Rightly
Studebaker
UAW Local 5
BOOK: The Auto-Lite Strike of 1934
Auto-Lite
AFL-18384
George Addes*
Willys Overland (Toledo)

Robert Travis
Chevrolet (Toledo) Flint Sitdown strike
Joseph Ditzel*
Chevrolet (Toledo)

James Roland*
Chevrolet (Toledo)
Roy H. Speth*
Seaman Body (Milwaukee)

BOOK: Stalin Over Wisconsin
Allis-Chalmers
UAW Local 248
Garrison to FF re. Christoffel
Allis-Chalmers





Podorsek 1.1

Flynn effect; bildungsroman

family history; father killed in coal mines polish in Pa. 16 miles atone
first job in silk mill 1918  (12 yrs old)
strike united textile workers 50 hrs week, 3.50 a week
RR; UMW;
KKK
comes to Detroit
Briggs metal finish
LEARNS SKILLS

1.2

BUDD WHEEL  26
worked hudson metal fin, dingman body plant
Fisher body cleveland
east side neighborhood
hillbillies & Belgians
talking streets list firms where neighborhood worked in nearby plants

A LOT ON METAL FINISHING


Job Description for Wage Studies.  Metal working industries, US Dept Labor, BLS.  Nov., 1945.  [this leaves out trim, paint, and foundry depts] See also selected occupations.
Cliff Williams-Yellow Cab
Tony Podorsek on metal finishing.

Paul Silver on paint testing
Joe Adams and Art Gruzen on trim
Frank Fagan on welding--on his department name by name.
Billl Mazey on welding
Almdale and Newby on welding
Williams on door-hanging



Industry wage study. Appendix A-W. Job descriptions for wage studies.
Job descriptions for wage studies in the metalworking industries plant
this leaves out trim and paint depts, foundry, all of which are major workspaces in the plants of auto manufacturers, circa 1937
----
summary:
Assembler
Machine operator
----
▶︎❖Acid Dipper

•Adjuster, Machine

Assembler
 ••Class A (Cliff Williams-Doorhanger )
  •Class B

▷Class C

Automatic Lathe Operator (Class A, B, C)
••Carpenter, Maintenance
Coater Operator
••Crane Operator, Electric Bridge
••Die Setter
•••Die Sinker
Drill-Press Operator, Radial (Class A, B, C)
Drill-Press Operator, Single- or Multiple-Spindle (Class A, B, C)
Electrician, Maintenance
Electrician, Production

Engine-Lathe Operator
Class A
Class B
Class C

Forging Press Operator, Hydraulic (Vertical)

Grinding Machine Operator
Class A
Class B
Class C
  

Inspector
Class A
Class B ( . . . where considerable care is essential to achieve very close tolerances)
Class C

Loader and Unloader (Shipping and Receiving)

•Machine-Tool operator, misc. machines
••Machinist, Maintenance
••Machinist, Production

Milling-Machine Operator
•Class A
Class B
Class C

Millwright

Polisher and Buffer, Metal (aka metal finishing): Charles Watson, Local 3-Tony Podorsek
Power-Shear Operator  (Class A, B, C)
Punch-Press Operator
Class A,
Class B)

Riveter, Hydraulic
Riveter, Pneumatic
Screw-Machine Operator, Automatic  (
Class A, B, C)
Set-Up Man, Machine Tools
•Solderer
•Stock Clerk
•Swager
Tester (Class A, B, C)
•••Tool and Die Maker
Trucker, Hand
•Trucker, Power

Welder, Hand (Class A, B, C)➤Bill Mazey interview

• or •• ?  Turret-Lathe Operator, Hand (Including Hnad-Screw Machine) (Class A, B, C)
• ?  Welder, Machine (Class A, B)


Occupations in Metalworking Industry (Autos & Parts)

A.  Production

Assembler (Class A, B, C) (Cliff Williams-Doorhanger )
Machine operator classifications
Automatic Lathe Operator (Class A, B, C)
Drill-Press Operator, Radial (Class A, B, C)
Drill-Press Operator, Single- or Multiple-Spindle (Class A, B, C)
Engine-Lathe Operator  (Class A, B, C)
Grinding Machine Operator  (Class A, B, C)
Machine-Tool operator, misc. machines
Milling-Machine Operator  (Class A, B, C)
Power-Shear Operator  (Class A, B, C)
Punch-Press Operator  (Class A, B)
Screw-Machine Operator, Automatic   (Class A, B, C)
Turret-Lathe Operator, Hand (Including Hnad-Screw Machine) (Class A, B, C)
Swager
Forging Press Operator, Hydraulic (Vertical)
Other metal-working occupations
Welder, Hand (Class A, B) (Bill Mazey, Frank Fagan interviews); Almdale and Newby on welding
Welder, Machine (Class A, B)
Polisher and Buffer, Metal (aka metal finishing): Charles Watson, Local 3; Tony Podorsek (Connor Ave, Dodge Main, and Cadillac)
Riveter, Hydraulic
Riveter, Pneumatic
Solderer (Edmund Kord)
Non-metalworking occupations in the Auto industry
Trim (Joe Adams and Art Grudzen on trim)
paint (Paul Silver on paint testing)

Production Production non-Production
Assembler (Class A, B, C)
Machine operator classifications
Automatic Lathe Operator (Class A, B, C)
Drill-Press Operator, Radial (Class A, B, C)
Drill-Press Operator, Single- or Multiple-Spindle (Class A, B, C)
Engine-Lathe Operator  (Class A, B, C)
Grinding Machine Operator  (Class A, B, C)
Machine-Tool operator, misc. machines
Milling-Machine Operator  (Class A, B, C)
Power-Shear Operator  (Class A, B, C)
Punch-Press Operator  (Class A, B)
Screw-Machine Operator, Automatic   (Class A, B, C)
Turret-Lathe Operator, Hand (Class A, B, C)
Swager
Forging Press Operator, Hydraulic (Vertical)
Other metal-working occupations
Welder, Hand (Class A, B) (Bill Mazey, Frank Fagan interviews); Almdale and Newby on welding
Welder, Machine (Class A, B)
Polisher and Buffer, Metal (metal finishing)
Riveter, Hydraulic
Riveter, Pneumatic
Solderer (Edmund Kord)

Non-metalworking occupations in the Auto industry

Trim (Joe Adams and Art Grudzen on trim)
paint (Paul Silver on paint testing)
Maintenance, Tool and Die, Shipping and Receiving
Carpenter, Maintenance
Crane Operator, Electric Bridge
Die Setter
Die Sinker
Tool and Die Maker
Trucker, Hand
Trucker, Power
Electrician, Maintenance
Electrician, Production
Millwright
Set-Up Man, Machine Tools
Loader and Unloader
Stock Clerk
Inspector  (Class A, B, C)
Tester (Class A, B, C)



B.  non-Production

Maintenance, Tool and Die, Shipping and Receiving
Carpenter, Maintenance
Crane Operator, Electric Bridge
Die Setter
Die Sinker
Tool and Die Maker
Trucker, Hand
Trucker, Power
Electrician, Maintenance
Electrician, Production
Millwright
Set-Up Man, Machine Tools
Loader and Unloader (Shipping and Receiving)
Stock Clerk

Inspector  (Class A, B, C)
Class A
Class B ( . . . where considerable care is essential to achieve very close tolerances)
Class C

Tester (Class A, B, C)



These interviews are a set of dialogic unfoldings that form a lens through which to examine the ontologies and events, the transformations and reactions, that are subsumed under the term unionization.  The factories, meeting halls, and neighborhoods of southeastern Michigan are laboratories in which to investigate the play of forces: first, the deep structures, the genetic ontologies (the principles of the production of practices) that dominate the manifold areas of human activity; and second, the irruption of forces of an entirely different kind (Bordieu), referred to variously as agency, bildung, and the will to power.  In addition, some of these interviews forced me to include the more nebulous concept of jouissance.

This first block of interviewees were all early leaders of the emergent forces that came to be known as the UAW.  Most of them were Midwestern "socialists." Others were "communists."   I refer to them as bildungs-proletarians, around whom formed the action networks of plebeian upstarts (the Unity Caucus) who created the modern UAW in March of 1939.   From the standpoint of praxis both the Unity Caucus and the Keynesian elite should be conceived of as vanguard formations within the field of Progressivism. 

What made this whole site possible is the literary and cognitive capabilities of the bildungsproletarian whom I interviewed

Michael Tomasello, Becoming Human: a Theory of Ontogeny (Harvard, 2019): Shared, Collective intentionality; the cultural intelligence hypothesis

Marshall W. Alcorn, Jr., Narcissism and the Literary Libido: Rhetoric, Text, and Subjectivity (New York University Press, 1994)

Simon Jarvis, Wordsworth's Philosophical Song (Cambridge, 2007): Beyond the transcript

Jerrold Seigel, The Idea of the Self: Thought and Experience since the Sesventeenth Century (Cambridge, 2005)

from Charles Yaeger (Pontiac) Oral History transcript, pp. 11-12)

Finally the CIO group, the Addes and Reuther forces in the union at that time, called a special convention with the blessing of the parent CIO in Cleveland, and there we organized what became the UAW-CIO.

We attended the Cleveland Convention [March 27, 1939], and it was there that the union was born after all this factional problem.  Then, of course, we had to go back and reorganize the plants because as much as the International was torn asunder the locals were, too.  We took over the local union with(in) our unit of the old amalgamated [Local 156], which became [local] 594.  We took it over with about 7,000 people working in the plant and 503 or 504 members.  This was all the membership we had.  We did not have the union.
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