from Werner Stark,  Sociology of Religion: A Study of Christendom (Fordham University Press, 1966-72) vol. 1, p. 188

As democratic convictions became settled . . . 'the people' emerged increasingly as the true sovereign, and the conception gained ground that 'the people' is sane and sound, and its voice, at least to some extent, is sacred.

from Friederich Nietzsche, The Will to Power, § 863

The values of the weak prevail because the strong have taken them over as devices of leadership.
"Thoughts without intuitions are empty; intuitions without concepts are blind."

"Philosophy always arrives too late . . . .  The Owl of Minerva takes flight only as the dusk begins to fall."

"Hegel remarks somewhere that all great world-historic facts and personages appear, so to speak, twice. He forgot to add: the first time as tragedy, the second time as farce."

History without philosophy is only a screen on which to project the shibboleths of our time.

Hitler is to Trump as tragedy is to farce.
from the New Deal to Donald Trump:
Semiotic Regimes
Analyzing Power Relations: Five Frameworks
Deleuze & Guattari
 
Vincent/McMahon

Piaget/Vygotsky

Michael Mann

This site


Three regimes (primitive, despotic, capitalist)

Left vs. Right: (topologies of the two-party system)

Cognitive modalities (topologies of the two-party system)

Four networks of power

Five genetic ontologies (topologies of the two-party system)


     the Two-Party System: Semiotic Regimes        
                             gg

 LEFT*
RIGHT
Topology
            depressive
     paranoid-schizoid
Political style
 progressive
         proto-Dorian
Cognitive mode
     concrete & pre-op
    pre-op and gestural
Regime type
   rational-bureaucratic
patrimonial
*Progressivism and Liberalism are opposites, not twins.  The genetic ontology of Progressivism is Bildung and the Will to Power; The genetic ontology of Liberalism is Nihilism.  Today's liberalism is referred as the left, thus covering over the genetic-ontological transformation of the post-war years (see Hall et. al.)  The New Deal is not represented in the above figure and table, The Two-Party System: Semiotic Regimes.  Donald Trump is a result of this genetic-ontological transformation.


Cognitive-linguistic Cardinality
the Quantum Heterogeneity of Dasein in the context of Merlin Donald, A Mind so Rare, Table 7.1, p. 260 (Apologies to George Cantor)
אi index of cognitive complexity (Ceci)
i=4    Internet and the Extended Mind
i=3    Foucault (Kant Hegel Nietzsche)
i=2    Formal operational
i=1    Concrete operational
i=0    Oral-mythic/pre-operational
i=-1   Mimetic/gestural (homo erectus)
i=-2   Primate semiosis
The Development of Children (Sixth Edition) by Cynthia Lightfoot, Michael Cole, and Sheila R. Cole

Development Through the Lifespan, Laura E. Berk

Jerome Kagan, The Human Spark: The Science of Human Development  2013

Piaget, Genetic Epistemology

Stephen J. Ceci, On Intelligence: A Bioecological Treatise on Intellectual Development (Harvard, 1996)

The term intelligence is often used synonymously with "IQ", "g", or "general intelligence", especially in some of the psychometric literature. . .  however, the ability to engage in cognitively complex behaviors will be shown to be independent of IQ, g, or general intelligence . . . cognitive complexity will be seen to be the more general of the two notions and the one most theoretically important to keep in mind when referring to intelligent behavior.22




Cognitive Modalities: a summary of sources


Psychometrics ("Q"): Flynn, Nisbett, Ceci; Hernstein and Murray

•IQ tests
•PISA
•MEAP
Evolutionary: Donald, Mind: cognitive evolution Table 7.1 p. 260

•episodic (primate)
•mimetic (homo erectus, h. sapients)
•oral-mythic (h. sapiens sapiens)
•theoretic (required by modern capitalism*)
•post-theoretic (Foucault, Sellars, Deleuze)
Developmental: Piaget et. al.

•pre-operational
•concrete operrational
•formal operational
•post-formal thought (Commons)
Psychoanalytic: Freud-Klein: mechanisms of defense

•projection
•displacement
•reaction formation
•denial
•identification
Cultural-historical: Vygotsky, Luria, Bruner, Flynn, Tomasello

• zone of proximal development
• joint intentionality
• intersubjectivity
Herding Primates:
the Psychological Correlates of the Two-Party System
Alain Ehrenberg, The Weariness of the Self: Diagnosing the History of Depression in the Contemporary Age ( (McGill-Queens University Press, 2010)

We are changing, of course, but that does not necessarily mean we are progressing.  Combined with all the forces that today exhort us to look into our own private lives, the “civilization of change” has stimulated a massive interest in psychic disorders.  It can be heard from all quarters, and it takes form in the many marketplaces that offer inner balance and tranquility.  Today, many of our socials tensions have been expressed in terms of implosion and depressive collapse or, in a similar way, its flip side: explosions of violence, rage, the search for new sensations.  pp. 185-6

As addictive explosion reflects depressive implosion, so the drug-taker’s search for sensation reflects the depressed person’s lack of feeling.  Depression, that crossroads of pathology, serves as a canvas upon which to sketch out the changes in modern subjectivity, the displacement of the hard task of being healthy.  In a context in which choice is the norm and inner insecurity the price, these pathologies make up the dark side of contemporary private life.  Such is the equation of the sovereign individual: psychic freedom and individual initiative = identity insecurities and the incapacity to act.  p. 232





The Quantum Heterogeniety of Dasein: Five Genetic Ontologies* (QHD-5)


Five "principles of production of practices" (Bourdieu, In Other Words, 108)

*Miguel de Beistegui, Truth and genesis: philosophy as differential ontology (Indiana University Press, 2004)

Jean Piaget, Genetic Epistemology
I.  primate

II.  paleolithic

III.  ressentiment & the mechanisms of defense

IV.  bildung & the will to power

V.  nihilism


cog
culture







formal op and concrete op
bildung & the will to power


h
         MSNBC & CNN                                         Fox News
concrete op and pre op
nihilism
the modern corporation
pre-op and gestural
ressentiment & mech of defense
Fox News ("conspiracy" "theories")
rentier sectors, provincial capitals, patrimonial firms, old extractive industries, (Unger )new businesses outside cultural historical field  of modern corporate sensibilities (see Mark Mizruchi, The Fracturing of the American Corporate Elite (Harvard, 2013)



I.  Primate
•Richard Wrangham, The Goodness Paradox: The Strange Relationship Between Virtue and Violence in Human Evolution (Pantheon, 2019)

•Michael Tomasello, Becoming Human: a Theory of Ontogeny (Harvard, 2019)


•Allan Mazur, Biosociology of Dominance and Deference (Rowman & Littlefield, 2005)

•Christopher Boesch, Wild Cultures: A Comparison Between Chimpanzee and Human Cultures (Cambridge University Press, 2012)

Juan Carlos Gomez, Apes, Monkees, Children and the Growth of Mind (Harvard, 2004)

John C. Mitani et. al., eds., The Evolution of Primate Societies, (University of Chicago Press, 2012);

William Calvin, A Brief History of the Mind: From Apes to Intellect and Beyond (Oxford, 2004)

Franz de Waal, Chimpanzee Politics: Power and Sex among Apes (Harper & Row, 1982)

Julia Adams and Mounira M. Charrad, Patrimonial Power in the Modern World (Sage, 2011)

J. Arch Getty, Practicing Stalinism: Bolsheviks, Boyars, and the Persistence of Tradition (Yale, 2013)

J. Arch Getty, Origins of the Great Purges: The Soviet Communist Party Reconsidered, 1933 - 1938 (Cambridge, 1985)

Boris N. Mironov, "Peasant Popular Culture and the Origins of Soviet Authoritarianism," in Cultures in Flux: Lower-Class Values, Practices, and Resistance in Late Imperial Russia, Stephen P. Frank and Mark D. Steinberg, eds. (Princeton University Press, 1994)

Leonid Heretz, Russia on the Eve of Modernity: Popular Religion and Traditional Culture Under the Last Tsars (Cambridge University Press, 2008)






















II.  Paleolithic
Philip G. Chase, The Emergence of Culture. The Evolution of a Uniquely Human Way of Life (Springer, 2006)

John F. Hoffecker, Landscapes of the Mind: Human Evolution and the Archeology of Thought (Columbia, 2011)

Andrew Whiten, Robert A. Hinde, Christopher B. Stringer, and Kevin Laland, eds., Culture Evolves (Oxford University Press, 2012)

Renfrew, Frith, and Malafouras, The Sapient Mind: Archeology meets Neuroscience (Oxford, 2009)

Timothy R. Pauketat, An Archaeology of the Cosmos: Rethinking Agency and Religion in Ancient America (Routledge, 2012)

Michael Tomasello, Natural History of Human Thinking (Harvard University Press, 2014)

Lambros Malafouris and Colin Renfrew, How Things Shape the Mind : A Theory of Material Engagement (MIT Press, 2013)

Robin Dunbar, Clive Gamble and John Gowlett, eds., Social Brain, Distributed Mind (Oxford, 2010)

Andrew Whiten and David Erdal, "The human socio-cognitive niche and its evolutionary origins," Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B (2012) 367, 2119–212

Carel P. van Schaik and Judith M. Burkart, "Social learning and evolution: the cultural intelligence hypothesis," Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B (2011) 366, 1008–1016

T. Douglas Price, Gary M. Feinman, Pathways to Power: New Perspectives on the Emergence of Social Inequality (Springer, 2010)

Kent Flannery and Joyce Marcus, The Creation of Inequality: How Our Prehistoric Ancestors Set the Stage for Monarchy, Slavery, and Empire (Harvard, 2012)






















III.  Ressentiment & the Mechanisms of Defense
(despotic regime, white supremacy, fascism)
Nietzsche, Freud, Klein.

Michael André Bernstein, Bitter Carnival : ressentiment and the abject hero (Princeton University Press, 1992)

Frank John Ninivaggi, Envy Theory: Perspectives on the Psychology of Envy (Rowman & Littlefield, 2010)

Simon Clarke, Social Theory, Psychoanalysis and Racism (Palgrave Macmillan, 2003)

Eli Rozik, The roots of theatre: rethinking ritual and other theories of origin (University of Iowa Press, 2002)

Fyodor Dostoevski, Notes from Underground
Joseph Conrad, Heart of Darkness
Sinclair Lewis, Elmer Gantry
Tara Westover, Educated   
Lillian Smith, Killers of the Dream

"fascism" in Europe

Robert O. Paxton, The Anatomy of Fascism (Knopf, 2004)

Aristotle Kallis, Genocide and Fascism: the Eliminationist Drive in Fascist Europe (Routledge, 2009)

Arno J. Mayer, Dynamics of Counterrevolution in Europe, 1870—1956 (Harper Torchbooks, 1971)

Arno J. Mayer, The Persistence Of The Old Regime: Europe To The Great War (Pantheon Books, 1981)

R. J. B. Bosworth, ed., The Oxford Handbook of Fascism (Oxford University Press, 2009)

Ian Kershaw, Hitler, 1889-1936: Hubris (W.W. Norton & Co., 1998)

Richard Evans

Franklin Hugh Adler, Italian Industrialists from Liberalism to Fascism: The political development of the industrial bourgeoisie, 1906-1934 (Cambridge, 1995)

Mary Vincent, "The Spanish Church and the Popular Front: the experience of Salamanca province," in Martin S. Alexander and Helen Graham, eds., The French and Spanish Popular Fronts (Cambridge University Press, 1989)

Helmut Walser Smith, The Continuities of German History: Nation, Religion, and Race across the Long Nineteenth Century (Cambridge, 2008)

Helmut Walser Smith, The Butcher's Tale

Darrin M. McMahon, Enemies of the Enlightement: the French Counter-Enlightenment and the Making of Modernity (Oxford University Press, 2001)

Aristotle Kallis, Genocide and Fascism: the Eliminationist Drive in Fascist Europe (Routledge, 2009)


Macgregor Knox, To the Threshold of Power: 1922/33: Origins and Dynamics of the Fascist and National Socalist Dictatorshhips, Volume 1 (Cambridge, 2007)

"fascism" in the United States

Susan Juster, Sacred Violence in Early America (University of Pennsylvania Press, 2016)

Jackson Lears, Rebirth of a Nation: the Making of Modern America, 1877-1920 (2009);

Anatol Levien, America Right or Wrong: An Anatomy of American Nationalism (Oxford University Press, 2005)

Joseph E. Lowndes, From the New Deal to the New Right : race and the southern origins of modern conservatism (2008),

Bruce Clayton, "No Ordinary History: W. J. Cash's The Mind of the South", in  Charles W. Eagles, The Mind of the South: Fifty Years Later (University Press of Mississippi, 1992)

W. J. Cash, The Mind of the South (Alfred A. Knopf, 1941)

Dan T Carter, From George Wallace to New Gingrich (

Thomas Frank, What's the Matter with Kansas?

Don E. Carleton, Red scare! Right-wing hysteria, fifties fanaticism, and their legacy in Texas (Austin, Tex. : Texas Monthly Press, 1985)

Thomas B. Edsall, Building Red America: the New Conservative Coalition and the Drive for Permanent Power (Basic Books, 2006)

Michael W. Miles, The Odyssey of the American Right (Oxford University Press, 1980)

Richard M. Freeland, The Truman Doctrine and the origins of McCarthyism: foreign policy, domestic politics, and internal security, 1946-1948  (New York University Press, 1985)

James William Gibson, Warrior Dreams: Violence and Manhood in Post-Vietnam America (Hill and Wang, 1994)

Kim Phillips-Fein, Invisible Hands: the Making of the Conservative Movement from the New Deal to Reagan (W. W. Norton, 2009)
---------------------------
Julia Adams and Mounira M. Charrad, Patrimonial Power in the Modern World (Sage, 2011)

Elmer Gantry;Heart of Darkness
FOX News


IV.  Progressive Narcissism: Bildung and the Will to Power
Nietzsche, Hegel, Vygotsky.

Marshall W. Alcorn, Jr., Narcissism and the Literary Libido: Rhetoric, Text, and Subjectivity (New York University Press, 1994);

Michael Tomasello, Becoming Human: A Theory of Ontogeny (Harvard, 2019)

*John Dupré, Processes of Life: Essays in the Philosophy of Biology (Oxford, 2012)

Jerrold Seigal, The Idea of the Self: Thought and Experience in Western Europe Since the Seventeenth Century (Cambridge, 2005)

Terry Pinkard, Hegel: A Biography (Cambridge University Press, 2000), pp. 49-50; 269-275; 369-370; 486-487

Shlomo Avineri, Hegel's Theory of the Modern State (Cambridge University Press, 1972), pp. 77-78; 132-139; 144-147; 166)

Franco Moretti, The Way of the World: The Bildungsroman in European Culture (Verso, 2000);

Stephen Rumph, Mozart and Enlightenment Semiotics (University of California Press, 2012);

Harold Mah, Enlightenment Phantasies: Cultural Identity in France and Germany, 1750-1914;

Jonathan Rose, The Intellectual Life of the British Working Classes (Yale University Press, 2001)

Marshall Berman, All That is Solid Melts Into Air (Penguin, 1988)

S.A. Smith, Revolution and the People in Russia and China: A Comparative History (Cambridge Univesity Press, 2008);


Reginald E. Zelnick, ed., Workers and Intelligentsia in Late Imperial Russia: Realities, Representations, Reflections (University of California,1998)

Reginald E. Zelnick, ed., A Radical Worker in Tsarist Russia: The Autobiography of Sëmen Ivanovich Kanatchikov (Stanford, 1986)

Adeeb Khalid, Making Uzbekistan: Nation, Empire, and Revolution in the Early USSR (Cornell, 2015)

Mark von Hagen, Soldiers in the Proletarian Dictatorship:the Red Army and the Soviet Socialist State, 1917-1930 (Cornell, 1990)

E. P. Thompson, The Making of the English Working Class (Vintage, 1966)

Jonathon Rose, The Intellectual Life of the British Working Classes (Yale, 2001)

Richard Schneirov, Labor and Urban Politics: Class Conflict and the Origins of Modern Liberalism in Chicago, 1864-97 (University of Illinois Press, 1998)

Charles Postel, The Populist Vision (Oxford, 2007)

Steve Fraser, Labor Will Rule: Sidney Hillman and the Rise of American Labor (Free Press, 1991)

*Daniel T. Rodgers, Atlantic Crossings: Social Politics in a Progressive Age (Harvard, 2000)

Joseph A. McCartin, Labor's Great War: The Struggle for Industriaal Democracy and the Origins  of Modern America Labor Relations, 1912-1921 (University of North Carolina Press, 1997)



V.  Nihilism: regressive narcissism and the culture of consumption; repressive desublimation;
the last man
Nietzsche.

Miguel de Beistegui, The Government of Desire: A Genealogy of the Liberal Subject (University of Chicago Press, 2018)

Carole Sweeney, Michel Houellebecq and the Literature of Despair (Bloomsbury Academic, 2013)

Kieran Keohane, Anders Petersen, and Bert van den Bergh, Late Modern Subjectivity and its Discontents: Anxiety, Depression and Alzheimer’s Disease (Routledge, 2017)

Eva Illouz, Cold Intimacies: the Making of Emotional Capitalism (Polity, 2007)

Stanton Peele, Diseasing of America (Lexington, 1989)

Bernard Stiegler, The re-enchantment of the world : the value of spirit against industrial populism
()

Robin Usher, Ian Bryant and Rennie Johnston, Adult Education and the Postmodern Challenge (Routledge, 1997)

Alain Ehrenberg, The Weariness of the Self: Diagnosing the History of Depression in the Contemporary Age (McGill-Queen's University Press, 2010)

Steve Hal, Simon Winlow and Craig Ancrum, Criminal Identities and Consumer Culture: crime, exclusion and the new culture of narcissism (Willan Publishing, 2008)

Bülent Diken, Nihilism (Routledge, 2009)

Robin Usher, Ian Bryant and Rennie Johnston, Adult Education and the Postmodern Challenge (Routledge, 1997);

Allen Frances, Saving Normal: An Insider's Revolt Against Out-of-Control Psychiatric Diagnosis, DSM-5, Big Pharma, and the Medicalization of Ordinary Life (William Morrow, 2014)

The Extraordinary Science of Addictive Junk Food (NYT Feb. 20, 2013)

Eli Zaretsky, Secrets of the Soul: a Social and cultural history of psychoanalysis (Vintage, 2004);

Novels.  Michel Houellebecq: The Map and the Territory (2010),  Richard Powers, Generosity: an Enhancement (2009);
Vernon God Little

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